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PURPOSE Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and laparoscopic or robotic minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) are costlier alternatives to three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) and open radical prostatectomy for treating prostate cancer. We assessed temporal trends in their utilization and their impact on national health(More)
STUDY TYPE Prognosis (cohort). LEVEL OF EVIDENCE 2b. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Prior population and single-centre studies have assessed incidence of positive surgical margins. The current study derived population-based positive surgical margin cut-offs in order to help identify underperforming surgeons who may benefit from(More)
CONTEXT Minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) has diffused rapidly despite limited data on outcomes and greater costs compared with open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). OBJECTIVE To determine the comparative effectiveness of MIRP vs RRP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Population-based observational cohort study using US Surveillance,(More)
PURPOSE Routine imaging for staging low risk prostate cancer is not recommended according to current guidelines. We characterized patterns of care and factors associated with imaging overuse. MATERIALS AND METHODS We used SEER-Medicare linked data to identify men diagnosed with low risk prostate cancer from 2004 to 2005, and determined if imaging(More)
BACKGROUND With advances in oncologic treatment, cosmesis after mastectomy has assumed a pivotal role in patient and provider decision making. Multiple studies have confirmed the safety of both chemotherapy before breast surgery and immediate reconstruction. Little has been written about the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy on decisions about(More)
UNLABELLED Despite the increased popularity of emerging therapies for localised prostate cancer, such as cryotherapy and brachytherapy, outcomes data remains sparse beyond single-centre comparative studies. The present study identified that although less costly, cryotherapy was associated with more urinary and ED complications and a greater need for salvage(More)
BACKGROUND Twenty percent of Americans die in the intensive care unit of our nation's hospitals. Many of those individuals die after life-sustaining therapy has been withdrawn or withheld. Surgeons should be competent in discussing the withholding and withdrawal of life sustaining therapy (WWLST) with their patients. We surveyed surgical residents to learn(More)
BACKGROUND The use of radiographic imaging (bone scan and computerized tomography) is only recommended for men diagnosed with high-risk prostate cancer characteristics. The authors sought to characterize utilization patterns of imaging in men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer. METHODS The authors performed a population-based observational cohort study(More)
INTRODUCTION Pharmacotherapies improve sexual function following treatments for localized prostate cancer; however, patterns of care remain unknown. Aim. To ascertain post-treatment utilization of pharmacotherapies for erectile dysfunction (ED) using a population-based approach. METHODS We identified 38,958 men who underwent definitive treatment for(More)
BACKGROUND Although the use of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) has increased, there are few comprehensive population-based studies assessing temporal trends and outcomes relative to retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). OBJECTIVE Assess temporal trends in the utilization and outcomes of MIRP and RRP among US Medicare beneficiaries from(More)