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BACKGROUND Although the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in prolonging survival for women with breast cancer has been well documented, limited population-based information is available on the actual use of chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between age and chemotherapy use. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING New Mexico. PATIENTS 5101(More)
BACKGROUND Melanoma incidence continues to increase in whites, but little is known about melanoma in minority populations. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data were used to examine the incidence, manifestations, and survival in patients with melanoma with respect to race/ethnicity. METHODS A SEER search (1992-2002) for primary invasive(More)
Research indicates an association between marital status and health but this link has not been thoroughly explored. Our goal was to examine the association of marital status on the diagnosis, treatment, and survival of older women with breast cancer and the potential role socioeconomic status, education level, and comorbidities may play in explaining these(More)
PURPOSE We investigated whether prostate cancer was associated with socioeconomic status (SES) at the individual level, area level, or a combination of both levels. METHODS This population-based case-control study of prostate cancer in men aged 65 to 79 years was conducted between 2000 and 2002 in South Carolina. Complete interviews were available for 407(More)
BACKGROUND To the authors' knowledge, few studies to date have examined racial differences in prostate cancer survival while controlling for socioeconomic status (SES). No such studies have examined this association in Texas, a large state with significant ethnic and racial diversity. The objective of this analysis was to determine whether racial(More)
BACKGROUND The study's objective was to investigate the risks of developing cardiac disorders following the administration of chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS The study consisted of 34 209 patients aged > or =65 years with American Joint Committee on Cancer stages I-IV NSCLC identified from(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine racial/ethnic disparities in mortality and survival in a large nationwide and population-based cohort of women with breast cancer after simultaneously controlling for differences in comorbidity, treatment, and socioeconomic status. METHODS A cohort of 35,029 women with stage I-IIIA breast cancer at age > or = 65 from 1992 to 1999 was(More)
While large differences by race/ethnicity in breast cancer survival are well established, it is unknown whether differences in quality of chemotherapy delivered explain the racial/ethnic disparities in survival among black, Hispanic, Asian, and white women with breast cancer. We evaluated factors associated with time to initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated whether there was a significant gap in receipt of treatment for nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) between blacks and whites, and whether the gap or disparity changed during the past 12 years from 1991 to 2002. METHODS The study population consisted of 83,101 patients including 75,141 (90.4%) whites and 7960 (9.6%) blacks(More)
INTRODUCTION Research has demonstrated associations between sociodemographic characteristics and illness perceptions; however, the impact of cancer exposure through personal or family diagnoses is not well-studied. The purposes of this study were to examine different cancer beliefs and disparities in cancer beliefs across groups of individuals with distinct(More)