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Herpes stromal keratitis (HSK) is a chronic inflammatory process caused by the infection of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Development of a HSV-1 vaccine is a priority because these infections are common and cannot be well prevented. It appears that the potential of nanocarriers in DNA vaccination will be required to augment the immune response to DNA(More)
Increasingly more evidence shows that TSCs possess the characteristics of stem-like cells. However, a link between stem cells and TSCs remains to be shown. We have sorted SP cells and non-SP cells from the B16F10 cell lines by FACS, and then studied their cellular biological characteristics by using a SFCM culture method, proliferative assay in vitro, clone(More)
Genetically modified cells have been shown to be one of the most effective tumor vaccine strategies. However, in many cases, such as in melanoma, induction of a potent immune responses against the disease still remains a major challenge. Thus, novel strategies to reinforce tumor vaccine efficacy are needed. Using microRNA (miR) and Zinc-finger E-box binding(More)
CSCs (cancer stem cells) are a small subset of cells within a tumour that possesses the characteristics of stem cells and are considered to be responsible for resistance to chemoradiation. Identification of CSCs through stem cell characteristics might have relevant clinical implications. In this study, SP (side population ) cells were sorted from a human(More)
The research of Internet distribution of GIS contents is still in its infancy. This paper reports an implementation of a systematic approach to optimize Internet distribution of GIS datasets. The goal is to reduce user-perceived response time and improve users' navigation efficiency.On the server side, a large GIS dataset associated with a map is decomposed(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate whether glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored 6 kDa early secreted antigenic target (ESAT-6) and IL-21-producing B16F10/ESAT-6-GPI-IL-21 viable vaccine would induce antitumor efficacy. Mice were immunized with B16F10/ESAT-6-GPI-IL-21 vaccine and challenged by B16F10 cells 2 weeks later. Antitumor efficacy and(More)
Research on the relationship between aberrant long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and cancer stem cell (CSC) biology in cancer patients has been recently gaining attention. The goal of this study was to investigate whether the decreasing lncRNA HOTAIR expression would inhibit human colorectal cancer (CRC) stem cells. CD133(+)CSCs were isolated from human CRC LoVo(More)
In the present study, CD34(+) human umbilical cord blood stem cells (UCBSCs) were engineered to express interleukin-21 (IL-21) and then were transplanted into A2780 ovarian cancer xenograft-bearing Balb/c nude mice. The therapeutic efficacy of this procedure on ovarian cancer was evaluated. The findings from the study indicated that UCBSCs did not form(More)
Zinc-finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) is a master regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and has been implicated in primary epithelial cancer biological processes, such as invasion and metastasis. However, the role of ZEB1 in progression of melanoma and cancer stem cells (CSCs) remains obscure. In this study, the recombinant plasmids of(More)
The development of novel vaccines to eradicate herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a global public health priority. In this study, we developed a DNA vaccine expressing HSV-1 glycoprotein D (gD) and mouse interleukin-21(IL-21) and intramuscularly inoculated mice 3 times at 2-week intervals with a total of 300 ?g/mouse. Two weeks after the last immunization the(More)