Douglas A Bayliss14
Shaofang Shu9
Jin Liu8
14Douglas A Bayliss
9Shaofang Shu
8Jin Liu
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Ketamine has important anesthetic, analgesic, and psychotropic actions. It is widely believed that NMDA receptor inhibition accounts for ketamine actions, but there remains a dearth of behavioral evidence to support this hypothesis. Here, we present an alternative, behaviorally relevant molecular substrate for anesthetic effects of ketamine: the HCN1(More)
General anesthetics have been a mainstay of surgical practice for more than 150 years, but the mechanisms by which they mediate their important clinical actions remain unclear. Ion channels represent important anesthetic targets, and, although GABA(A) receptors have emerged as major contributors to sedative, immobilizing, and hypnotic effects of intravenous(More)
Central respiratory chemoreception is the mechanism by which the CNS maintains physiologically appropriate pH and PCO2 via control of breathing. A prominent hypothesis holds that neural substrates for this process are distributed widely in the respiratory network, especially because many neurons that make up this network are chemosensitive in vitro. We and(More)
Homeostatic control of synaptic efficacy is often mediated by dynamic regulation of excitatory synaptic receptors. Here, we report a novel form of homeostatic synaptic plasticity based on regulation of shunt currents that control dendritosomatic information transfer. In cortical pyramidal neurons from wild-type mice, HCN1 channels underlie a dendritic(More)
Two-pore-domain K(+) channels provide neuronal background currents that establish resting membrane potential and input resistance; their modulation provides a prevalent mechanism for regulating cellular excitability. The so-called TASK channel subunits (TASK-1 and TASK-3) are widely expressed, and they are robustly inhibited by receptors that signal through(More)
Cotton fiber qualities including length, strength and fineness are known to be controlled by genes affecting cell elongation and secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis, but the molecular mechanisms that govern development of fiber traits are largely unknown. Here, we evaluated an interspecific backcrossed population from G. barbadense cv. Hai7124 and G.(More)
General anesthetics cause sedation, hypnosis, and immobilization via CNS mechanisms that remain incompletely understood; contributions of particular anesthetic targets in specific neural pathways remain largely unexplored. Among potential molecular targets for mediating anesthetic actions, members of the TASK subgroup [TASK-1 (K2P3.1) and TASK-3 (K2P9.1)](More)
BACKGROUND Ketamine is a commonly used anesthetic, but the mechanistic basis for its clinically relevant actions remains to be determined. The authors previously showed that HCN1 channels are inhibited by ketamine and demonstrated that global HCN1 knockout mice are twofold less sensitive to hypnotic actions of ketamine. Although that work identified HCN1(More)
The ionic mechanisms that contribute to general anesthetic actions have not been elucidated, although increasing evidence has pointed to roles for subthreshold ion channels, such as the HCN channels underlying the neuronal hyperpolarization-activated cationic current (Ih). Here, we used conventional HCN1 knockout mice to test directly the contributions of(More)
  • Salla T. Jaakkola, Karolin Zerulla, Qinggong Guo, Ying Liu, Hongling Ma, Chunhe Yang +5 others
  • 2014
Live bacteria and archaea have been isolated from several rock salt deposits of up to hundreds of millions of years of age from all around the world. A key factor affecting their longevity is the ability to keep their genomic DNA intact, for which efficient repair mechanisms are needed. Polyploid microbes are known to have an increased resistance towards(More)