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Central respiratory chemoreception is the mechanism by which the CNS maintains physiologically appropriate pH and PCO2 via control of breathing. A prominent hypothesis holds that neural substrates for this process are distributed widely in the respiratory network, especially because many neurons that make up this network are chemosensitive in vitro. We and(More)
Ketamine has important anesthetic, analgesic, and psychotropic actions. It is widely believed that NMDA receptor inhibition accounts for ketamine actions, but there remains a dearth of behavioral evidence to support this hypothesis. Here, we present an alternative, behaviorally relevant molecular substrate for anesthetic effects of ketamine: the HCN1(More)
Two-pore-domain K(+) channels provide neuronal background currents that establish resting membrane potential and input resistance; their modulation provides a prevalent mechanism for regulating cellular excitability. The so-called TASK channel subunits (TASK-1 and TASK-3) are widely expressed, and they are robustly inhibited by receptors that signal through(More)
General anesthetics have been a mainstay of surgical practice for more than 150 years, but the mechanisms by which they mediate their important clinical actions remain unclear. Ion channels represent important anesthetic targets, and, although GABA(A) receptors have emerged as major contributors to sedative, immobilizing, and hypnotic effects of intravenous(More)
Output properties of neurons are greatly shaped by voltage-gated ion channels, whose biophysical properties and localization within axodendritic compartments serve to significantly transform the original input. The hyperpolarization-activated current, I(h), is mediated by hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels and plays a(More)
Ganoderma lucidum is one of the well-known medicinal basidiomycetes worldwide. The mitochondrion, referred to as the second genome, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells and participates in critical cellular functions. Elucidating the structure and function of this genome is important to understand completely the genetic contents of G. lucidum. In(More)
Halovirus is a major force that affects the evolution of extreme halophiles and the biogeochemistry of hypersaline environments. However, until now, the systematic studies on the halovirus ecology and the effects of salt concentration on virus-host systems are lacking. To provide more valuable information for understanding ecological strategies of a(More)
Trichodones A-C (1-3, resp.), three new sesquiterpenes, together with the two known cyclopeptides PF1022F and halobacillin (4 and 5, resp.), have been isolated from the crude extract of the endophytic fungus Trichoderma asperellum SAMUELS, LIECKF. & NIRENBERG residing in the traditional Chinese medicinal plant Panax notoginseng (BURKILL) F.H.CHEN. The(More)
We investigate the effect of water adsorption on the electrical properties of graphene oxide (GO) films using the direct current (DC) measurement and alternating current (AC) complex impedance spectroscopy. GO suspension synthesized by a modified Hummer's method is deposited on Au interdigitated electrodes. The strong electrical interaction of water(More)