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In information retrieval, we are interested in the information that is not only relevant but also novel. In this paper, we study how to boost novelty for biomedical information retrieval through probabilistic latent semantic analysis. We conduct the study based on TREC Genomics Track data. In TREC Genomics Track, each topic is considered to have an(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids increase the risk of developing critical disease from viral infections. However, primary care practitioners in China use them as antipyretics, potentially exposing hundreds of millions to this risk. METHODS We enrolled all patients with confirmed pandemic influenza A (pH1N1) virus infection aged ≥3 years with available medical(More)
Concerns for personal information privacy could be produced during information collection, transmission and handling. In information handling, privacy could be compromised from both inside and outside of organizations. Within an organization, private data are generally protected by organizations' privacy policies and the corresponding platforms for privacy(More)
Our Genomics experiments in this year mainly focus on improving the passage retrieval performance in the biomedical domain. We address this problem by constructing different indexes. In particular, we propose a method to build word-based index and sentence-based index for our experiments. The passage mean average precision (passage MAP) for our first run "(More)
Multiply sectioned Bayesian networks (MSBNs) extend Bayesian networks (BNs) to graphical models that provide a coherent framework for probabilistic inference in cooperative multiagent distributed interpretation systems. Observation plays an important role in the inference with graphical models. Since observation of each observable variable has a cost, it(More)
Cooperative multiagent probabilistic inference can be applied in areas such as building surveillance and complex system diagnosis to reason about the states of the distributed uncertain domains. In the static cases, multiply sectioned Bayesian networks (MSBNs) have provided a solution when interactions within each agent are structured and those among agents(More)
A major problem for Canadian health organizations is finding best evidence for evidence-based best practice recommendations. Medications are not always effectively used and misuse may harm patients. Drugs are the fastest-growing element of Canadian health care spending, second only to hospital spending. Three hundred million prescriptions are filled(More)
Context management is the key enabler for emerging context-aware applications, and it includes context acquisition, understanding and exchanging. Context exchanging should be made privacy-conscious. We can specify privacy preferences to limit the disclosure of sensitive contexts, but the sensitive contexts could still be derived from those insensitive. To(More)
Multiply-sectioned Bayesian networks (MSBNs) extend Bayesian networks to graphical models for multiagent probabilistic reasoning. The empirical study of algorithms for manipulations of MSBNs (e.g., verification, compilation, and inference) requires experimental MSBNs. As engineering MSBNs in large problem domains requires significant knowledge and(More)