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AIMS The H19 lncRNA, a highly abundant and conserved imprinted gene, has been implicated in many essential biological processes and diseases. However, the function of H19 in the heart remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the function and underlying mechanism of H19 in regulating cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS We first detected(More)
Regular exercise can protect the heart against external stimuli, but the mechanism is not well understood. We determined the role of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in regulating swimming exercise-mediated cardiac protection against β-adrenergic receptor overstimulation with isoproterenol (ISO) in mice. Ten-week-old AMPKα2+/+ and(More)
PURPOSE Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), a common sleep and breathing disorder, is independently associated with metabolic dysfunction, including impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Intermittent hypoxia (IH), a pathological component of OSAHS, increases oxidative stress damage to pancreatic β-cells in animal models(More)
Chronic exercise training is known to protect the vasculature; however, the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. The present study hypothesized that exercise may improve aortic endothelial and mitochondrial function through an adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase α2 (AMPKα2)-dependent manner. Ten-week-old AMPKα2 knockout (AMPKα2-/-) mice and(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is a key pathological process of many cardiac diseases. However, early detection of cardiac hypertrophy is difficult by the currently used non-invasive method and new approaches are in urgent need for efficient diagnosis of cardiac malfunction. Here we report that speckle tracking-based strain analysis is more sensitive than conventional(More)
OBJECTIVE To find out if the lesion in nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM) can induce some morphological changes characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS Kainic acid was injected into nbM of the rats, and the behavioral deficiency and the morphological changes in the cortex and hippocampus were observed by methenamine silver staining and electron(More)
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