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<p>Using a simple model eye with a wavelength-dependent diffraction, a wavelength-dependent refractive error (chromatic difference in refractive error), and a wavelength-dependent displacement of the foveal images (transverse chromatic aberration), we have evaluated the luminance modulations in retinal images of isoluminant color gratings. In cases where(More)
Several studies have reported that the magnitude of chromostereopsis changes as the pupil size changes. Einthoven's theory, that chromostereopsis is determined by interocular differences of monocular transverse chromatic aberration, can not easily explain this change. Therefore, several alternative hypotheses have been introduced, most notably by Vos(More)
Chromostereopsis has been attributed previously to interocular differences in foveal transverse chromatic aberration (TCA). We tested this hypothesis by measuring chromostereopsis as a function of the separation of small artificial pupils. We also measured the monocular transverse chromatic aberration under the same conditions. Our results show that(More)
Theory predicts that retinal image size will vary with wavelength. However, this chromatic difference of magnification (CDM) is likely to be very small (< 1% between 400 and 700 nm) under natural viewing conditions. There has been only one attempt to measure CDM experimentally, and the results were inconsistent with optical theory. Using a technique(More)
Although therapeutic potential of fasudil in EAE is promising, action mechanism and clinical limitations are still not fully understood and resolved. In this study, we observed the therapeutic potential of a novel Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor FaD-1, a fasudil derivative, and explored possible mechanism in MOG35–55-induced EAE. Experimental autoimmune(More)
BACKGROUND As the world's largest developing country, China has entered into the epidemiological phase characterized by high life expectancy and high morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases. Cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and malignant tumors have become the leading causes of death since the 1990s. Constant payments(More)
BACKGROUND RABEX-5, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RAB-5, plays an important role in cell mobility and altered expression associated with tumor metastasis. This study aimed to investigate the role of RABEX-5 in proliferation and metastasis of breast cancer in vitro and ex vivo. METHODS RABEX-5 expression was examined in breast cancer,(More)
OBJECTIVE To critically review the currently available evidence of studies comparing robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with open radical cystectomy (ORC). METHODS A comprehensive review of the literature from Pubmed, Web of Science and Scopus was performed in April 2014. All relevant studies comparing RARC with ORC were included for further(More)
The signaling mediated by stress-activated MAP kinases (MAPK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) has well-established importance in cancer. In the present report, we investigated the effects of curcumin on the signaling pathway in human gastric cancer BGC-823 cells. Curcumin induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and BGC-823 cells apoptosis.(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of published studies for evaluating the impact of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on immediate breast reconstruction. METHODS We searched medical databases to identify appropriate studies that assessed the impact of NAC on immediate breast reconstruction from the inception of this(More)