Xiang-nan Zhang

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The finding that eukaryotic lanthionine synthetase C-like protein 1 (LanCL1) is a glutathione-binding protein prompted us to investigate the potential relationship between LanCL1 and cystathionine β-synthase (CBS). CBS is a trans-sulfuration enzyme critical for the reduced glutathione (GSH) synthesis and GSH-dependent defense against oxidative stress. In(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of chronic H1-antihistamine treatment on seizure susceptibility after drug withdrawal in nonepileptic rats and to further study its relation to glutamine synthetase (GS), which is the key enzyme for glutamate metabolism and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) synthesis. METHODS After drug withdrawal from a 2-week treatment with(More)
Febrile seizures (FS) are generally defined as seizures taking place during fever. Long-term prognosis, including development of epilepsy and malformation of cognitive function, has been demonstrated after infantile FS. However, the mechanism that triggers seizures in hyperthermic environment is still unclear. We here found that the body temperature of rat(More)
Long-term metformin treatment reduces the risk of stroke. However, the effective administration pattern and indications of metformin on acute cerebral ischemia are unclear. To investigate the neuroprotective treatment duration and dosage of metformin on focal ischemia mice and the association of neuroprotection with 5′-adenosine monophosphate-activated(More)
AIM Lactates accumulate in ischemic brains. G protein-coupled receptor 81 (GPR81) is an endogenous receptor for lactate. We aimed to explore whether lactate is involved in ischemic injury via activating GPR81. METHODS N2A cells were transfected with GFP-GPR81 plasmids 24 h previously, and then treated with GPR81 antagonist 3-hydroxy-butyrate (3-OBA) alone(More)
H1-antihistamines induce vacuolation in vascular smooth muscle cells, which may contribute to their cardiovascular toxicity. The CNS toxicity of H1-antihistamines may also be related to their non-receptor-mediated activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether H1-antihistamines induce vacuolation in astrocytes and the mechanism involved. The(More)
Acidosis is one of the key components in cerebral ischemic postconditioning that has emerged recently as an endogenous strategy for neuroprotection. We set out to test whether acidosis treatment at reperfusion can protect against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Adult male C57BL/6 J mice were subjected to 60-minute middle cerebral arterial occlusion(More)
AIM Cerebral ischemic postconditioning has emerged recently as a kind of endogenous strategy for neuroprotection. We set out to test whether hypoxia or glucose deprivation (GD) would substitute for ischemia in postconditioning. METHODS Adult male C57BL/6J mice were treated with postconditioning evoked by ischemia (bilateral common carotid arteries(More)
AIM This study investigated whether histamine could play a protective role in pathophysiological response of spinal cord injury (SCI) and regulate the glial scar formation. METHODS Functional assessment and histological analyses were performed to investigate the effect of histamine after SCI. Histidine decarboxylase knockout (HDC(-/-)) mice were used to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the inductive effects of icaritin (ICT) on the directed differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells into neuronal cells in vitro. METHODS ES cells were cultured with embryoid body (EB) formation cultures, ICT in different concentrations was added in the cultural media and the cells were harvested in several differentiation(More)