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Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element in animals and human, however, excess Se intake can result in adverse health effects. Se supplementation increased glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and thioredoxin reductase (TR) expressions in Se-deficient rats. However, little information is available on the relationship between Se overexposure on GSH-Px and TR(More)
Puerarin is the main isoflavone found in Pueraria lobata (Willd) Ohwi, which has been used in therapy for various cardiovascular diseases. The present study examined the effects of puerarin on the large-conductance voltage- and Ca2+-activated potassium (BK(Ca)) channel and on rat thoracic aortas. BK(Ca) channels encoded with either alpha (BK-alpha) or(More)
The protective effect of puerarin, an isoflavone purified from Chinese herb radix of Pueraria lobata, on hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced rat pancreatic islets damage was investigated. Exposure of islets to 500 microM H(2)O(2) could cause a significant viability loss and an increase in apoptotic rate. Pretreatment of islets with puerarin for 48 h(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that realgar nanoparticles might provide a less toxic agent for antineoplasia by suppressing angiogenesis. Here, we addressed the question of whether the size effects on apoptosis induction mainly contribute to the comparably higher concentration of easily soluble As2O3 present in realgar nanoparticles. Results revealed(More)
Realgar has been shown to have a therapeutic effect against acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) by inducing apoptosis. However, there is little data about the effects of it on plasma membrane. In the present study, the cytotoxicity of realgar to HL-60 cells including its inhibiting cell growth, inducing apoptosis and bringing about membrane toxicity was(More)
Oral chemotherapy is an important topic in the 21st century medicine, which may radically change the current regimen of chemotherapy and greatly improve the quality of life of the patients. Unfortunately, most anticancer drugs, especially those of high therapeutic efficacy such as paclitaxel and docetaxel, are not orally bioavailable due to the(More)
BACKGROUND Based on computer-aided models, three-dimensional printing (3DP) technology can exercise local control over the material composition, microstructure, and surface texture during it layer-by-layer manufacturing process to endow the products with special properties. It can be a useful tool in the development of novel solid dosage forms. METHOD In(More)
Novel doughnut-shaped multi-layered drug delivery devices (DDDs) were developed with local variations of the drug and release-retardant material for providing linear release profiles. Based on computer-aided design models, different DDDs containing acetaminophen as a model drug, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose as matrix and ethyl cellulose (EC) as a(More)
AIM To evaluate the effects of scutellarin on superoxide-induced oxidative stress in rat cortical synaptosomes. METHODS Oxidative damage model was established by incubation with xanthine (0.3 mmol/L) and xanthine oxidase (0.02 U) at 37 degree for 30 min. The extent of membrane oxidation was assessed by malondialdehyde (MDA). Membrane fluidity was measured(More)
To further understand triptolide, this paper has introduced the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, toxicity, the clinic application and semi-synthesis of triptolide on basis of importance and significant contents of reference which have been consulted in the past twenty years. Presently triptolide and Tripterygium wilfordii have been a hot spot of(More)