Xiang-jian Chen

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Although astragaloside IV, a saponin isolated from Astragalus membranaceus, has been shown to protect the myocardium against ischemia/reperfusion injury, its effect on the status of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ transport in the injured myocardium remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated whether in cultured cardiomyocytes subjected to(More)
Dysregulation of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis plays an important role in mediating myocardial injury. We tested the hypothesis that treatment with trimetazidine (TMZ) would improve intracellular Ca2+ handling in myocardial injury of rats. The control group received saline only (10 ml kg(-1) day(-1), i.p.) for 7 days. In a second group, isoprenaline (ISO;(More)
We have extracted and roughly purified astragalosides (AS) from Astragalus membranaceus, a natural herb used as a traditional Chinese medicine, regarded to have pharmacodynamic benefits of protecting injured myocardium. We hypothesized that the astragalosides might exert beneficial effect in myocardial lesion by preserving both energy metabolism and Ca(2+)(More)
In clinical practice, Astragali Radix (Astragalus), the root of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, has been widely applied to treat patients with viral diseases, including viral myocarditis in China. The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of Astragalus on the function of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA2) activity and(More)
BACKGROUND Astragaloside IV (As-IV) exerts beneficial effects on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocyte injury, possibly through normalization of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA2a) function. The exact mechanisms remain unknown. This study was designed to investigate the role of protein kinase A (PKA) in the protective effect of As-IV(More)
AIM To investigate the changes of cardiac calcium handling proteins and endothelin system in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) rats and the effects of perindopril and bisoprolol on the remodeling ventricles. METHODS DCM rats were employed using a 2-kidney, 1-clip hypertensive and diabetic model. Some of the DCM rats were treated with perindopril and bisoprolol(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a leukocyte hemoprotein released from neutrophils, is thought to be a potential participant in plaque formation and plaque rupture. Therefore, MPO is regarded as an early marker predicting the risk for atherosclerosis, especially for coronary artery disease and acute coronary syndrome. We generated hybridoma clones 1E3 and 3E8(More)
AIM To assess the parameters of cardiac structure and function of male Balb/c mice by the echocardiography. METHODS A total of 27 male Balb/c mice (from five to seven week old) were examined with a 13-MHz transthoracic linear-array transducer, hearts were removed from mice anesthetized with Nembutal, and the left ventricular (LV) mass were weighed. (More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine whether different initiation of exercise training (ET) produces different effect sizes for left ventricular (LV) remodeling and cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with LV dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). METHOD Trials evaluating ET outcomes identified by searches in OVID MEDLINE,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of cardiac troponin I R145W mutation, detected in Chinese patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, on Ca(2+) current modulation. METHODS R146W mutation (resemble R145W in human) was introduced into rat cardiac troponin I cDNA by site-directed mutagenesis. With EGFP as a reporter gene, replication-defective adenovirus(More)