Xiang-hua Xu

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Maize (Zea mays L.) pot-culture experiments were conducted in this study for exploring the biological responses of maize seedlings to single and joint stress of Cadmium (Cd) and phenanthrene. The results showed that single-Cd treatment with Cd concentration ranging from 0 to 50 mg/kg had no significant influences on the above-ground biomass, root biomass,(More)
The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process, which can simultaneously remove ammonium and nitrite, both toxic to aquatic animals, can be very important to the aquaculture industry. Here, the presence and activity of anammox bacteria in the sediments of four different freshwater aquaculture ponds were investigated by using Illumina-based 16S rRNA gene(More)
The quantitative importance of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) has been described in paddy fields, while the presence and importance of anammox in subsurface soil from vegetable fields have not been determined yet. Here, we investigated the occurrence and activity of anammox bacteria in five different types of vegetable fields located in Jiangsu(More)
The interaction between iron oxide and electron donor substance have significant influences on electron transfer and the growth of iron-reducing bacteria, which may affect the reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated organic compounds in soil. Anaerobic soil incubation experiment was conducted to study the effect and its mechanism of iron oxide(More)
Regularity of greenhouse gas emissions from black soil with different reclamation years in northern China was investigated by an incubation experiment. Soil samples cultivated for 2 years, 30 years, 100 years and uncultivated were collected and incubated at 2 degrees C and a soil moisture of 60% of the water hold capacity (WHC) for 7 days. The results(More)
Phytolacca americana L. (P. americana) is a manganese (Mn) hyperaccumulator and cell wall plays an important role in the accumulation and detoxicity of Mn. We studied the impact of pH and Mn initial concentration on the binding of Mn by the leaf cell wall of P. americana, and explored the binding mechanisms by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR)(More)
A pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of UV-B radiation enhancement alone, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene (TCB) contamination soil alone, and the combined stress on the growing process, stomatal resistance and leaf structure of green vegetable. The results showed that 1,2,4-TCB contamination alone had more significant inhibitory effect on the growth(More)
Phytolacca americana L. (P. americana) is a manganese (Mn) hyperaccumulator plant discovered in southern China, and knowledge of Mn uptake characteristics and mechanisms on this plant may provide essential and critical information for phytoremediation. Synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (SRXRF) microprobe was empolyed in this study to(More)
The interactive effects between electron donor substances and iron (Fe) oxides have significant influence on electron transfer and the growth of Fe-reducing bacteria, which may affect the reductive dechlorination of 1,1,1-trichoro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) in soils. To evaluate the roles of volatile fatty acids and Fe(III) oxide in accelerating(More)
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