Learn More
Many ion channel genes have been associated with human genetic pain disorders. Here we report two large Chinese families with autosomal-dominant episodic pain. We performed a genome-wide linkage scan with microsatellite markers after excluding mutations in three known genes (SCN9A, SCN10A, and TRPA1) that cause similar pain syndrome to our findings, and we(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of risperidone and haloperidol in treatment-resistant chronic schizophrenic patients. Subjects (n = 78) who met DSM-III criteria for schizophrenia were randomly assigned to receive 6 mg/day of risperidone or 20 mg/day of haloperidol for 12 weeks. Clinical efficacy was determined using the(More)
There is accumulating evidence of altered antioxidant enzyme activities and increased levels of lipid peroxidation in schizophrenia. Free radical-mediated abnormalities may contribute to specific aspects of schizophrenic symptomatology and complications of its treatment. However, few studies have evaluated both antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in(More)
OBJECTIVE The α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is associated with cognitive and P50 auditory gating deficits in schizophrenia, and α7 nAChR agonists can potentially reverse these deficits. The authors examined multiple dosages of tropisetron, a partial agonist at the nAChR, for short-term effects on cognition and P50 deficits in schizophrenia. (More)
Synaptotagmin I is a synaptic vesicle protein that is thought to act as a Ca2+ sensor in neurotransmitter release. The first C2 domain of synaptotagmin I (C2A domain) contains a bipartite Ca2+-binding motif and interacts in a Ca2+-dependent manner with syntaxin, a central component of the membrane fusion complex. Analysis by nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
We showed previously that neonatal isolation (ISO) enhances acquisition of cocaine self-administration in adult male rats without altering acquisition of food responding. Female rats show poorer performance in learning tasks and are differentially affected by stress compared to male rats. Thus, we investigated whether ISO alters acquisition of operant(More)
BACKGROUND Norepinephrine is implicated in cocaine's behavioral effects. In this study, we tested the effect of prazosin, an alpha1-adrenergic receptor antagonist, on cocaine-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior. METHODS Rats were trained to self-administer cocaine intravenously under a fixed-ratio 3 schedule of reinforcement. After behavior was(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that the early life stress of neonatal isolation facilitates acquisition of cocaine and food self-administration in adult female rats. We now test whether it enhances responding for these reinforcers after operant performance is established. Adult female rats were derived from litters that were either subjected to neonatal(More)
Fusions of the rrnB P1 and P2 promoters, and of the tandem P1-P2 combination, to a wild-type lacZ gene were constructed on plasmids and recombined into the mal region of the bacterial chromosome, close to the normal location and in the normal orientation of rrnB. The upstream activator region (Fis-binding sites) was always present with the P1 promoter, and(More)
Free radicals may be involved in the pathogenesis of tardive dyskinesia (TD). Superoxide dismutase (SOD), a critical enzyme in the detoxification of superoxide radicals, was found to be abnormal in TD. To examine the blood SOD levels in schizophrenic patients with and without TD, and the relationships between SOD levels and tardive dyskinesia symptoms in TD(More)