Learn More
Neuropathic pain resulting from damage to or dysfunction of peripheral nerves is not well understood and difficult to treat. Although CNS hyperexcitability is a critical component, recent findings challenge the neuron-centric view of neuropathic pain etiology and pathology. Indeed, glial cells were shown to play an active role in the initiation and(More)
Peripheral nerve lesion triggers alterations in the spinal microenvironment that contribute to the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. While neurons and glia have been implicated in these functional changes, it remains largely underexplored whether the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) is also involved. The BSCB is an important component in the CNS(More)
A large and rapidly increasing body of evidence indicates that microglia-to-neuron signaling is essential for chronic pain hypersensitivity. Using multiple approaches, we found that microglia are not required for mechanical pain hypersensitivity in female mice; female mice achieved similar levels of pain hypersensitivity using adaptive immune cells, likely(More)
The statins are a well-established class of drugs that lower plasma cholesterol levels by inhibiting HMG-CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A) reductase. They are widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and for the prevention of coronary heart disease. Recent studies suggest that statins have anti-inflammatory effects beyond their(More)
Glial activation is a typical response of the central nervous system to nerve injury. In the current investigation, we characterized the temporal and spatial pattern of glial proliferation, one of the most conspicuous features of glial activation, in relation to nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. Using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) as a mitotic marker, we(More)
Our understanding on the function of microglia has been revolutionized in the recent 20 years. However, the process of maintaining microglia homeostasis has not been fully understood. In this study, we dissected the features of spinal microglia repopulation following an acute partial depletion. By injecting intrathecally Mac-1-saporin, a microglia selective(More)
Chemokine signaling is important in neuropathic pain, with microglial cells expressing CCR2 playing a well-established key role. DAPTA, a HIV gp120-derived CCR5 entry inhibitor, has been shown to inhibit CCR5-mediated monocyte migration and to attenuate neuroinflammation. We report here that as a stabilized analog of DAPTA, the short peptide RAP-103(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the underlying mechanisms of neuropathic pain caused by damage to the peripheral nervous system remains challenging and could lead to significantly improved therapies. Disturbance of homeostasis not only occurs at the site of injury but also extends to the spinal cord and brain involving various types of cells. Emerging data(More)
Activation of macrophages/microglia via toll-like receptors (TLRs) plays an important role in inflammation and host defense against pathogens. Pathogen-associated molecular patterns bind TLRs, thereby triggering NF-κB signaling and production of proinflammatory cytokines. Recent data suggest that nonpathogenic molecules resulting from trauma can also(More)
Neuronal injury not only results in severe alteration in the function of primary sensory neurons and their central projection pathway, but is also associated with a robust immune response at almost every level of the somatosensory system. Evidence from animal studies suggests undoubtedly that bi-directional signalling between the immune system and the(More)