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Lipid metabolism influences membrane proteins, including ion channels, in health and disease. Fatty acid esters of CoA are important intermediates in fatty acid metabolism and lipid biosynthesis. In the present study, we examined the effect of acyl-CoAs on hSlo BK currents. Arachidonoyl-CoA (C(20)-CoA) induced beta2-dependent inhibition of hSlo-alpha(More)
Ca2+-activated K+ currents and their Ca2+ sources through high-threshold voltage-activated Ca2+ channels were studied using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from freshly dissociated mouse neocortical pyramidal neurons. In the presence of 4-aminopyridine, depolarizing pulses evoked transient outward currents and several components of sustained currents in a(More)
To examine the molecular basis for membrane excitability in a neuroblastoma cell line, we used whole cell patch-clamp methods and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to study Na+ currents and channels in B104 cells. We distinguished Tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive and -resistant Na+ currents and detected the mRNA for the cardiac rH1(More)
In order to study the factors that govern the expression of sodium channel alpha-, beta1- and beta2-subunits, the influence that Schwann cells (SC) exert in the expression of sodium channels in DRG neurons was examined with in situ hybridization, immunocytochemistry, and patch clamp recording. The expression of sodium channel alpha-, beta1-, and(More)
The development of clinical stroke therapies remains elusive. The neuroprotective efficacies of thousands of molecules and compounds have not yet been determined; however, screening large volumes of potential targets in vivo is severely rate limiting. High throughput screens (HTS) may be used to discover promising candidates, but this approach has been(More)
It is known that ischemia/reperfusion induces neurodegeneration in the hippocampus in a subregion-dependent manner. This study investigated the mechanism of selective resistance/vulnerability to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) using mouse organotypic hippocampal cultures. Analysis of propidium iodide uptake showed that OGD-induced duration- and(More)
Anoxia or ischemia causes hyperexcitability and cell death in mammalian neurons. Conversely, in painted turtle brain anoxia increases γ-amino butyric acid (GABA)ergic suppression of spontaneous electrical activity, and cell death is prevented. To examine ischemia tolerance in turtle neurons, we treated cortical sheets with an in vitro mimic of the penumbral(More)
Mice lacking Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE1) suffer from recurrent seizures and die early postnatally. Although the mechanisms for seizures are not well established, our previous electrophysiological work has shown that neuronal excitability and Na(+) current density are increased in hippocampal CA1 neurons of these mutant mice. However, it is unknown whether(More)
The currently accepted scheme for reactive oxygen species production during ischemia/reperfusion injury is characterized by a deleterious mitochondria-derived burst of radical generation during reperfusion; however, recent examination of the penumbra suggests a central role for NADPH-oxidase (Nox)-mediated radical generation during the ischemic period.(More)
During stroke, cells in the infarct core exhibit rapid failure of their permeability barriers, which releases ions and inflammatory molecules that are deleterious to nearby tissue (the penumbra). Plasma membrane degradation is key to penumbral spread and is mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are released via vesicular exocytosis into the(More)