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being an environment friendly and more sustainable farming system. Ironically, scientists one-half century Groundwater has become increasingly degraded by NO 3 , and this ago devoted much research emphasis to providing farm-degradation has been partially attributed to the use of commercial inorganic N fertilizers. Conversion from conventional fertilizer(More)
hCG stimulates thyroid function, but it has been suggested that it is impurities in commercial hCG preparations or a variant of hCG that are responsible for the thyrotropic activity. In this study, we tested the thyrotropic activity of purified and commercial hCG and compared its action with that of bovine TSH (bTSH) in cultured rat FRTL-5 cells in regard(More)
In normal thyroid cells, the TSH-adenylate cyclase system plays a pivotal role in controlling growth and differentiation. However, the role of this system in the growth of thyroid carcinoma is not well understood. To investigate this subject, we have established four new human thyroid carcinoma cell lines, designated BHP 2-7, 7-13, 10-3, and 18-21, from(More)
To investigate the in vitro effects of cytokines on the growth of human papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) cells, we established six new PTC cell lines, designated BHP 5, 14, 15, 17, 18, and 19, from different patients. We studied the antiproliferative actions of cytokines by using BHP cells, NP cells (PTC cell line), and ARO cells (anaplastic thyroid(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF; cachectin), a peptide secreted from stimulated macrophages, mediates some of the metabolic derangements in inflammatory and neoplastic disorders. To determine whether TNF is responsible for the changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) function in nonthyroid illnesses, we administered synthetic human TNF to male(More)
It is well known that peptide heterogeneity exists in the hCG-beta subunit in pregnancy and in patients with trophoblastic diseases. To elucidate the differences in thyrotropic activity of hCG molecules, we examined cAMP accumulation and TSH receptor binding of intact hCG, hLH, and a recombinant hCG that lacked the C-terminal extension on the beta-subunit,(More)
Administration of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) to rats and mice produces a model of nonthyroid illness in which there is impairment of hypothalamic-pituitary thyroid function, including reduced serum concentrations of T4 and T3, reduced thyroid radioiodine uptake, and reduced response to TSH. In this study, we tested the binding and(More)
hCG is known to have thyroid-stimulating activity and may cause hyperthyroidism in patients with trophoblastic diseases. hCG occurs in normal and molar pregnancy with breaks or nicks in the alpha- or beta-subunit peptide linkage and with substantial heterogeneity in the composition and degree of branching within the oligosaccharide side-chains. The(More)
Lithium has been reported to alter thyroid function and cause goiter in some patients. To explain the mechanism of lithium action in the thyroid gland, we studied the effect of lithium on thyroid function and cell growth in FRTL-5 rat thyroid cells and on de novo thyroid hormone formation in primary cultures of porcine thyroid follicles. TSH-induced iodide(More)
We studied the effect of several growth factors on DNA synthesis and function of FRTL-5 rat thyroid cells by simultaneous measurement of [3H]thymidine incorporation and [125I]iodide uptake. Endothelial cell growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor, and insulin-like growth factor I stimulated thymidine incorporation in a(More)