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PURPOSE BRCA1-interacting protein C-terminal helicase 1 (BRIP1) and zinc finger protein 350 (ZNF350) work with BRCA1 in tumor suppression procedures. Low penetrance variants of these three genes may jointly affect individuals' breast cancer susceptibility in general population. METHODS We focused on potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
X-ray repair cross complementing group 1 (XRCC1) is one of the major DNA repair proteins involved in the base-excision repair pathway. Functional Polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene may lead to decreased DNA repair capacity and thus confer inherited predisposition to cancer risk. In this case-control study of 710 patients with incident lung cancer and 710(More)
PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) plays critical roles in cancer development and aggression. Nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the functional domain of the MMP-9 gene may influence substrate and inhibitor binding and contribute to cancer predisposition and aggression. PATIENTS AND METHODS To test our hypothesis that common(More)
Much less is known about the etiology of influenza-like illness in China. A continuous surveillance of 16 respiratory viruses was conducted from November 2010 to October 2011 of outpatients with influenza-like illness in Nanjing, China. The two largest general hospitals and a provincial virus laboratory in Nanjing participated in this study. Throat swabs(More)
BACKGROUND Since 2003 to 06 Jan 2012, the number of laboratory confirmed human cases of infection with avian influenza in China was 41 and 27 were fatal. However, the official estimate of the H5N1 case-fatality rate has been described by some as an over estimation since there may be numerous undetected asymptomatic/mild cases of H5N1 infection. This study(More)
While we have a good understanding of how cyber crime is perpetrated and the profits of the attackers, the harm experienced by humans is less well understood, and reducing this harm should be the ultimate goal of any security intervention. This paper presents a strategy for quantifying the harm caused by the cyber crime of typo squatting via the novel(More)
The transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) helicases ERCC2/XPD and ERCC3/XPB are responsible for opening the DNA strand around the lesion site during nucleotide excision repair process. Genetic variants in these two genes may be markers for interindividual variability in DNA repair capacity and thus predisposition to cancer risk. In this case-control study of(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleotide excision repair (NER) protein, xeroderma pigmentosum C (XPC), participates in recognizing DNA lesions and initiating DNA repair in response to DNA damage. Because mutations in XPC cause a high risk of cancer in XP patients, we hypothesized that inherited sequence variations in XPC may alter DNA repair and thus susceptibility to(More)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF), a potent mitogenic peptide, plays an important role in the development of cancers, including breast cancer. Previous studies showed that plasma EGF levels may influence the risk of cancer. In the current study, we hypothesized that genetic variants in the promoter region of EGF may influence plasma EGF levels and therefore are(More)
Cross-species transmission of influenza A viruses from swine to human occurs occasionally. In 2011, an influenza A H1N1 virus, A/Jiangsu/ALS1/2011 (JS/ALS1/2011), was isolated from a boy who suffered from severe pneumonia in China. The virus is closely related antigenically and genetically to avian-like swine H1N1 viruses that have recently been circulating(More)