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Stimulation of transient increases in intracellular calcium (Cai2+) activates protein kinases, regulates transcription and influences motility and morphology. Developing neurons generate spontaneous Cai2+ transients, but their role in directing neuronal differentiation and the way in which they encode information are unknown. Here we image Ca2+ in spinal(More)
To examine the molecular basis for membrane excitability in a neuroblastoma cell line, we used whole cell patch-clamp methods and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to study Na+ currents and channels in B104 cells. We distinguished Tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive and -resistant Na+ currents and detected the mRNA for the cardiac rH1(More)
Lipid metabolism influences membrane proteins, including ion channels, in health and disease. Fatty acid esters of CoA are important intermediates in fatty acid metabolism and lipid biosynthesis. In the present study, we examined the effect of acyl-CoAs on hSlo BK currents. Arachidonoyl-CoA (C(20)-CoA) induced beta2-dependent inhibition of hSlo-alpha(More)
Amphibian spinal neurons exhibit spontaneous elevations of intracellular calcium at early stages of development. The underlying calcium influx involves high-voltage-activated (HVA) currents. To begin to understand how they are triggered, we have studied the biophysical properties and developmental function of low-voltage-activated (LVA) T-type calcium(More)
Ca2+-activated K+ currents and their Ca2+ sources through high-threshold voltage-activated Ca2+ channels were studied using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from freshly dissociated mouse neocortical pyramidal neurons. In the presence of 4-aminopyridine, depolarizing pulses evoked transient outward currents and several components of sustained currents in a(More)
To understand the role of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE1) in intracellular pH (pH(i)) regulation and neuronal function, we took advantage of natural knockout mice lacking NHE1, the most ubiquitously and densely expressed NHE isoform in the central nervous system (CNS). CA1 neurons from both wild-type (WT) and NHE1 mutant mice were studied by continuous(More)
The effect of HCO(3)(-)/CO(2) on membrane properties of isolated hippocampal CA1 neurons was studied with the use of the whole cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Neurons were acutely dissociated from 21- to 30-day-old mice. In the current-clamp mode, HCO(3)(-)/CO(2) significantly hyperpolarized CA1 neurons by more than 10 mV and decreased(More)
In order to study the factors that govern the expression of sodium channel alpha-, beta1- and beta2-subunits, the influence that Schwann cells (SC) exert in the expression of sodium channels in DRG neurons was examined with in situ hybridization, immunocytochemistry, and patch clamp recording. The expression of sodium channel alpha-, beta1-, and(More)
Compared with mammalian species, Drosophila melanogaster exhibits marked tolerance to hypoxia or anoxia. However, the underlying cellular mechanisms of tolerance are still largely unknown. In order to assess the electrophysiologic response to O(2) lack in Drosophila neurons and compare them to those in mammals, we used neurons from embryonic cultures of(More)