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Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a disorder that can lead to femoral head collapse. Various procedures have been advocated to avert the need for total hip replacement. These include vascularised and non-vascularised bone grafting procedures. We examined the effect of core decompression combined with an allogeneic, antigen-extracted, autolysed(More)
The substitution of Zn in hydroxyapatite (HA) crystals was examined via comprehensive characterization techniques. Nanosized HA crystals were synthesized by the wet chemical method in aqueous solutions including various amounts of Zn ions. X-ray fluorescent spectroscopy was used to examine the amount of Zn in the HA precipitates. Scanning electron(More)
Simulated body fluid (SBF) has been widely used for bioactivity assessment of biomaterials. Many different recipes have been developed, but there is still room for improvement. We have suggested the use of cell culture medium to overcome the drawbacks of conventional SBF. Compared with conventional SBF, cell culture medium is easy to prepare. The normal(More)
Percutaneous orthopedic and dental implants require not only good adhesion with bone but also the ability to attach and form seals with connective tissues and the skin. To solve the skin-seal problem of such implants, an electrochemical deposition method was used to modify the surfaces of metallic implants to improve their antibacterial ability and skin(More)
This study numerically studies absorption of human serum albumin (HSA) and basic protein lysozyme (LSZ) on crystallographic planes of octacalcium phosphate (OCP), an essential bioactive calcium phosphate. The molecular simulations include constructing atomic structure of OCP crystallographic planes and representative segments of HSA and LSZ with three(More)
For a basic understanding and potential biomedical applications of surface topographical effects on bacterial responses, this study focuses on not only the bacterial retention but also the bacterial growth, proliferation, and viability that are significant post-retentive behaviors playing critical roles in infections of medical implants. Specifically,(More)
This study systematically investigated the effects of microtopographic patterns of titanium oxide on platelet adhesion and activation in order to reveal the mechanisms of interactions between platelet and surface topography. Periodic arrays of groove and pillar patterns with dimensions ranging from submicron to several micrometers were fabricated by(More)
0.1016/j.nanoen.2 lsevier Ltd. All rig thors. cdgu@zju.edu.cn Abstract Vertically stacked artificial 2D materials, such as van der Waals heterostructures, hold great scientific and technological promise. Stacking 2D atomic layers with stronger electrostatic forces in a controlled fashion could be more challenging. Positively charged atomic sheets of layered(More)
This article provides an overview of solution-based methods for the controllable synthesis of metal oxides and their applications for electrochemical energy storage. Typical solution synthesis strategies are summarized and the detailed chemical reactions are elaborated for several common nanostructured transition metal oxides and their composites. The(More)
Fluoridated hydroxyapatite (FHA) coatings exhibit great potential for applications on implants which require good bioactivity and high antibacterial activity. This work is a comparative study of chemical stability, adhesive strength and zeta potential of a nanothick (about 200 nm) FHA coating which is densely and uniformly deposited on a titanium substrate(More)