Xiang-Feng Zhou

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At the atomic-cluster scale, pure boron is markedly similar to carbon, forming simple planar molecules and cage-like fullerenes. Theoretical studies predict that two-dimensional (2D) boron sheets will adopt an atomic configuration similar to that of boron atomic clusters. We synthesized atomically thin, crystalline 2D boron sheets (i.e., borophene) on(More)
A novel carbon allotrope of C-centered orthorhombic C(8) (Cco-C(8)) is predicted by using a recently developed particle-swarm optimization method on structural search. Cco-C(8) adopts a sp(3) three-dimensional bonding network that can be viewed as interconnected (2,2) carbon nanotubes through 4- and 6-member rings and is energetically more favorable than(More)
Xiang-Feng Zhou, Xiao Dong, Artem R. Oganov, Qiang Zhu, Yongjun Tian, and Hui-Tian Wang School of Physics and Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China Department of Geosciences, Center for Materials by Design, and Institute for Advanced Computational Science, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York(More)
A body-centered tetragonal carbon (bct-Carbon) allotrope has been predicted to be a transparent carbon polymorph obtained under pressure. The structural transition pathways from graphite to diamond,M-Carbon, and bct-Carbon are simulated and the lowest activation barrier is found for the graphite-bct transition. Furthermore, bct-Carbon has higher shear(More)
With the motivation of discovering high-temperature superconductors, evolutionary algorithm USPEX is employed to search for all stable compounds in the Sn-H system. In addition to the traditional SnH4, new hydrides SnH8, SnH12 and SnH14 are found to be thermodynamically stable at high pressure. Dynamical stability and superconductivity of tin hydrides are(More)
Reconstructions of the (110) surface of rutile TiO2 (the dominant surface of this important mineral and catalyst) are investigated using the evolutionary approach, resolving previous controversies. Depending on thermodynamic conditions, four different stable reconstructions are observed for this surface. We confirm the recently proposed "Ti2O3-(1×2)" and(More)
Boron suboxide B6O, the hardest known oxide, has an Rm crystal structure (α-B6O) that can be described as an oxygen-stuffed structure of α-boron, or, equivalently, as a cubic close packing of B12 icosahedra with two oxygen atoms occupying all octahedral voids in it. Here we show a new ground state of this compound at ambient conditions, Cmcm-B6O (β-B6O),(More)
Evolutionary algorithms, based on physically motivated forms of variation operators and local optimization, proved to be a powerful approach in determining the crystal structure of materials. This review summarized the recent progress of the USPEX method as a tool for crystal structure prediction. In particular, we highlight the methodology in (1)(More)
Helium is generally understood to be chemically inert and this is due to its extremely stable closed-shell electronic configuration, zero electron affinity and an unsurpassed ionization potential. It is not known to form thermodynamically stable compounds, except a few inclusion compounds. Here, using the ab initio evolutionary algorithm USPEX and(More)