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Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) is implicated in multiple biological processes including metabolism, gene expression, cell fate determination, proliferation, and survival. GSK-3 activity is inhibited through phosphorylation of serine 21 in GSK-3 alpha and serine 9 in GSK-3 beta. These serine residues of GSK-3 have been previously identified as targets of(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which are synthesized from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 epoxygenases, function primarily as autocrine and paracrine effectors in the cardiovascular system and kidney. They modulate ion transport and gene expression, producing vasorelaxation as well as anti-inflammatory and pro-fibrinolytic effects. EETs are(More)
Using an animal model system and depletion-rescue strategies, we have addressed the requirement and functions of armadillo repeat gene deleted in velo-cardio-facial syndrome (ARVCF) and p120 catenins in early vertebrate embryogenesis. We find that xARVCF and Xp120 are essential to development given that depletion of either results in disrupted gastrulation(More)
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a highly conserved cellular programme that has an important role in normal embryogenesis and in cancer invasion and metastasis. We report here that Twist2, a tissue-specific basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, is overexpressed in human breast cancers and lymph node metastases. In mammary epithelial(More)
  • Yi Liu, Yingjia Zhang, +8 authors John Shyy
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 2005
We previously reported that laminar flow activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) in vascular endothelial cells in a ligand-dependent manner that involves phospholipase A2 and cytochrome P450 epoxygenases. In this study, we investigated whether epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), the catalytic products of cytochrome P450(More)
Activation of cAMP signaling pathway and its transcriptional factor cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) and coactivator are key determinants of neuronal differentiation and plasticity. We show that nuclear fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) mediates cAMP-induced neuronal differentiation and regulates CREB and CREB binding protein(More)
All current 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors [simvastatin (SV), lovastatin (LV), atorvastatin, pravastatin, fluvastatin, and cerivastatin] are believed to undergo an atypical beta-oxidation of the dihydroxy heptanoic or heptanoic acid side chain. Metabolites, which are shortened by two- and/or four-carbon units consistent with(More)
The role of reactive oxygen species, such as superoxide anions (O(2). (-)) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), in modulating vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and viability is controversial. To investigate the role of endogenously produced H(2)O(2), rat aortic smooth muscle cells were infected with adenoviral vectors containing cDNA for human catalase(More)
Levels of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) are elevated in the plasma and ascites of ovarian cancer patients, but not in most other tumor types. LPA increases cell proliferation, cell survival, resistance to cisplatin, cell shrinkage, and production of vascular endothelial growth factor, urokinase plasminogen activator, and LPA(More)