Xiang-Dong Yan

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BACKGROUND The epidemic of obesity and diabetes is increasing within the USA and worldwide. We have previously shown that body mass index has increased significantly in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) subjects seen at our center in more recent years. However, the impact of Type II diabetes in ADPKD patients has not been well studied. (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether glomerular hyperfiltration (GH) occurring early in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is indicative of more rapid disease progression in children. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS One hundred eighty children with ADPKD (ages 4 to 18 years) with(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperuricemia has been implicated in the development and progression of chronic kidney disease, both in animal experiments and in clinical studies. As a potentially modifiable risk factor, we examined whether serum uric acid levels correlate with early hypertension, kidney volume and progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in(More)
OBJECTIVE Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most frequent life-threatening hereditary disease. The study objective was to assess whether the clinical characteristics of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who are referred to a major autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease center have changed over time. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluates the prevalence of cardiovascular events in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients. METHODS We distributed surveys to 1,439 subjects from our ADPKD research database. In total, 426 subjects completed and returned surveys; 7 of these were from children and were excluded from the study. RESULTS The(More)
An elevation of the intracellular levels of adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) induces terminal differentiation in neuroblastoma (NB) cells in culture; however, genetic alterations during differentiation have not been fully identified. To investigate this, we used Mouse Genome U74A microarray containing ∼6000 functionally characterized genes to(More)
In 1982, it was established that alpha-tocopheryl succinate (alpha-TS) was the most effective form of vitamin E in comparison to alpha-tocopherol, alpha-tocopheryl acetate and alpha-tocopheryl nicotinate in inducing differentiation, inhibition of proliferation and apoptosis in cancer cells, depending upon its concentration. During the last two decades,(More)
Inflammatory reactions are considered one of the important etiologic factors in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Prostaglandins such as PGE2 and PGA1 and free radicals are some of the agents released during inflammatory reactions, and they are neurotoxic. The mechanisms of their action are not well understood. Increased levels of beta-amyloid(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), one product of inflammatory reactions, and PGA1, which is formed during PGE2 extraction, induce degeneration in adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-induced differentiated neuroblastoma (NB) cells in culture. The mechanisms of action of PGE2 on neurodegeneration are not well understood. To investigate this, we have utilized(More)
Gene-silencing activity mediated by siRNA has been demonstrated in mammalian cells; however, the mechanism of its regulation is not well understood. Since downregulation of a number of genes occurs during adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-induced differentiation of neuroblastoma (NB) cells, it is possible that cAMP may play a role in regulating(More)