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PURPOSE To report the 5-year follow-up results of a randomized controlled trial comparing bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) with standard monopolar TURP for the treatment of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 220 patients were randomized to bipolar plasmakinetic TURP (PK-TURP) or monopolar TURP(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of spermatic vein and artery ligation on testicular hemodynamics, spermatogenesis and testis volume in varicocele patients. METHODS Eighty-eight varicocele patients were randomly divided into a spermatic vein and artery ligation (n = 46) and a spermatic vein and artery preservation group (n = 42). The testicular(More)
In this paper, a meta-structure of piano accompaniment figure (meta-structure for short) is proposed to harmonize a melodic piece of music so as to construct a multi-voice music. Here we approach melody harmonization with piano accompaniment as a machine learning task in a probabilistic framework. A series of piano accompaniment figures are collected from(More)
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