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Recently, a novel gene-deletion method was developed for the crenarchaeal model Sulfolobus islandicus, which is a suitable tool for addressing gene essentiality in depth. Using this technique, we have investigated functions of putative DNA repair genes by constructing deletion mutants and studying their phenotype. We found that this archaeon may not encode(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) is a transcriptional coactivator of nuclear receptors and other transcription factors. It is required for animal growth and reproductive development, and has also been implicated in breast carcinogenesis. Although AIB1 is known to be covalently modified by SUMO-1, which serves to regulate its(More)
Differentiated embryo-chondrocyte expressed gene 1 (DEC1, also known as sharp2, stra13, or BHLHB2) is a mammalian basic helix-loop-helix protein that is involved in many aspects of gene regulation through acting as a transcription factor. Changes in DEC1 expression levels have been implicated in the development of cancers. Using COS-7 cell, we showed that(More)
Disruption of the circadian rhythm is now believed to associate with a number of hormone-related cancers, such as breast cancer, in which aberrant estrogen receptor-α (ERα) signaling is a major contributor. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the function of core clock proteins in cancer are still largely undefined. In this study, we showed that(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a transcription factor that belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) Per-Arnt-Sim homology domain (PAS) family. AhR can be activated by 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2, 3, 7, 8-TCDD) and once activated, it promotes the abnormal expression of cytochrome P450, leading to several diseases, including cancer. In(More)
Sulfolobus solfataricus and Sulfolobus islandicus contain several genes exhibiting D-arabinose-inducible expression and these systems are ideal for studying mechanisms of archaeal gene expression. At sequence level, only two highly conserved cis elements are present on the promoters: a regulatory element named ara box directing arabinose-inducible(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has a major role in cancer progression and metastasis. However, the specific mechanism of transcriptional repression involved in this process remains largely unknown. Dachshund homologue 1 (DACH1) expression is lost in invasive breast cancer with poor prognosis, and the role of DACH1 in regulating breast cancer(More)
Breast cancer that is accompanied by a high level of cyclin E expression usually exhibits poor prognosis and clinical outcome. Several factors are known to regulate the level of cyclin E during the cell cycle progression. The transcription factor DEC1 (also known as STRA13 and SHARP2) plays an important role in cell proliferation and apoptosis.(More)
Estrogen receptors (ERs) are critical regulators of breast cancer development. Identification of molecules that regulate the function of ERs may facilitate the development of more effective breast cancer treatment strategies. In this study, we showed that the forkhead transcription factor FOXK2 interacted with ERα, and inhibited ERα-regulated(More)
The circadian rhythm is an endogenous time keeping system shared by most organisms. The circadian clock is comprised of both peripheral oscillators in most organ tissues of the body and a central pacemaker located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the central nervous system. The circadian rhythm is crucial in maintaining the normal physiology of the(More)