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—Recent works have validated the possibility of energy efficiency improvement in radio access networks (RAN), depending on dynamically turn on/off some base stations (BSs). In this paper, we extend the research over BS switching operation, matching up with traffic load variations. However, instead of depending on the predicted traffic loads, which is still(More)
—In this letter, we consider a large-scale multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system where the receiver should harvest energy from the transmitter by wireless power transfer to support its wireless information transmission. The energy beamforming in the large-scale MIMO system is utilized to address the challenging problem of long-distance wireless power(More)
Recent works have validated the possibility of improving energy efficiency in radio access networks (RANs), achieved by dynamically turning on/off some base stations (BSs). In this paper, we extend the research over BS switching operations, which should match up with traffic load variations. Instead of depending on the dynamic traffic loads which are still(More)
This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited. Content may change prior to final publication. Abstract—This paper first provides a brief survey on existing traffic offloading techniques in wireless networks. Particularly as a case study, we put forwards an on-line reinforcement learning(More)
—This paper proposes a distributed cooperative framework to improve the energy efficiency of green cellular networks. Based on the traffic load, neighboring base stations (BSs) cooperate to optimize the BS switching (sleeping) strategies so as to maximize the energy saving while guaranteeing users' minimal service requirements. The inter-BS cooperation is(More)
—One of the critical challenges for secondary use of licensed spectrum is the accurate modeling of primary users' (PUs') stochastic behaviors. However, the conventional hidden Markov models (HMMs) assume stationary state transition probability and fail to adequately describe PUs' dwell time distributions. In this letter, we propose a non-stationary hidden(More)
Cognitive wireless mesh networks have great flexibility to improve spectrum resource utilization, within which secondary users (SUs) can opportunistically access the authorized frequency bands while being complying with the interference constraint as well as the QoS (Quality-of-Service) requirement of primary users (PUs). In this paper, we consider(More)