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Cell-to-cell communication in plants includes the selective trafficking of transcription factors and other signals through plasmodesmata. The KNOTTED1 (KN1) homeobox (KNOX) family transcription factors, which use this pathway, are essential for stem cell establishment and/or maintenance. Here we show that KN1 trafficking requires the chaperonin complex,(More)
The Ran GTPase controls multiple cellular processes including nucleocytoplasmic transport, spindle assembly, and nuclear envelope (NE) formation [1-4]. Its roles are accomplished by the asymmetric distribution of RanGTP and RanGDP enabled by the specific locations of the Ran GTPase-activating protein RanGAP and the nucleotide exchange factor RCC1 [5-8].(More)
We have shown previously that rubral axons can grow caudal to a lesion of their pathway at thoracic levels of the spinal cord in the developing opossum, Didelphis virginiana. In the present report we expand on that observation and present evidence which suggests that the critical period for plasticity of the rubrospinal tract ends earlier at cervical than(More)
Using axonal tracing techniques we have shown that rubral axons are capable of growing around lesions of the rubrospinal tract during early stages of development in the North American opossum and that a critical period for such growth exists. The opossum was employed for study because it is born in a very immature state 12-13 days after conception and the(More)
To provide endpoints for developmental studies of rubrospinal plasticity in the North American opossum, we have attempted to determine the degree to which rubrospinal neurons survive axotomy in the adult animal. Bilateral or unilateral injections of the long-lasting fluorescent marker fast blue were made into the T-10 or the T-11 segment of the spinal cord(More)
We have employed the retrograde transport of fast blue (FB) to identify the origins of descending projections to the lumbar cord of the opossum from postnatal day (PD)1, 12-13 days after conception, to maturity. When FB injections were made into the lumbar cord at PD1, supraspinal labeling was sparse and limited to the hypothalamus, the reticular formation,(More)
We have shown previously that rubral axons grow around a lesion of their spinal pathway in the North American opossum if it is made at early stages of development. In the present experiments, we have asked whether reticular and vestibular axons have the same ability. The spinal cord was hemisected at postnatal day 20, 12, or 5, well within the critical(More)
Rubral axons can grow around a lesion of their pathway in the thoracic spinal cord of developing opossums and a critical period exists for that plasticity. The critical period probably begins when rubral axons first grow into the thoracic cord, and it extends until approximately postnatal day 30. We previously noted that most rubrospinal neurons die after(More)