H1, a bromized derivative of tetrandrine, has been reported to induce apoptosis in human cancer cells. But, the underlying mechanism of apoptosis triggered by H1 is unclear. In the present study, we found that H1 triggered death receptor 5 (DR5)-dependent apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Further study showed that H1 activated ER stress… (More)
Epigenetic abnormalities are associated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) initiation and progression. Epigenetic drugs are being studied and in clinical trials. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the apoptosis by the epigenetic agents remains unclear. SUV39H1 is an important methyl-transferase for lysine 9 on histone H3 and usually related to… (More)
BACKGROUND Herpes zoster vaccine (HZV) is not publicly funded in the province of Alberta, Canada. We estimated vaccine coverage among those aged 60 years or older for 2013, as well as vaccine utilization rates per hundred thousand population over the period 2009 - 2013. We explored for factors associated with HZV dispensing rates. METHODS We used… (More)
BACKGROUND Excessive alcohol use in adolescence can be detrimental to health and academic performance. Few studies consider the moderating effects of parental and peer influence within the context of adolescent work outside of the school environment. This study aims to examine work stress among adolescents and the association with alcohol use and… (More)
The immune system has been recognized as a potential contributor to psychiatric disorders. In animals, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is used to induce inflammation and behaviors analogous to some of the symptoms in these disorders. Recent data indicate that the kynurenine pathway contributes to LPS-induced aberrant behaviors. However, data are inconclusive… (More)
iv To My Grandfather v ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First and foremost I would like to thank my thesis advisor Junhao Mao for his invaluable support and guidance throughout my thesis research. Working in his lab has been a wonderful experience, and his enthusiasm and encouragement has further enhanced my commitment to cancer research, apart from helping me grow as a… (More)
BACKGROUND In Canada both bivalent (bHPV) vaccine and quadrivalent HPV vaccine (qHPV) are authorized for use. In Alberta, while both vaccines are available for private purchase, only qHPV is publicly funded for school girls in grades 5 and 9 as of 2013. We describe HPV vaccine uptake in Alberta, by school year, from the start of the publicly funded program… (More)
We obtain an expectation formula and give the probabilistic proofs of some summation and transformation formulas of q-series based on our expectation formula. Although these formulas in themselves are not the probability results, the proofs given are based on probabilistic concepts.