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Recent progresses in signal transduction have revealed that beta-catenin signaling controls embryonic development, tumorigenesis, cell shape, and polarity. The role of this pathway in myocyte shape regulation during cardiac hypertrophy and failure is, however, not clearly defined. Since homozygous knockout of beta-catenin is embryonically lethal, we have(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) are involved in cardiac hypertrophy and failure. But their temporal expression and cellular localization during the development of hypertrophy and its transition to failure remains to be investigated. In this study, we determined the expression and subcellular distribution of GRK2, GRK3, GRK5, and GRK6 in cardiac(More)
Gprotein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) are known to be involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Their exact role and subcellular distribution during cardiac hypertrophy and failure remain to be elucidated. We examined expression and subcellular distribution of GRK2 and GRK5 in the left ventricle of female spontaneously hypertensive heart(More)
In addition to its role in cell adhesion, beta-catenin is an important signaling molecule in the Wnt/Wingless signaling pathway. Recent studies have indicated that beta-catenin is stabilized by hypertrophic stimuli and may regulate cardiac hypertrophic responses. To explore the role and requirement of beta-catenin in cardiac development and hypertrophy, we(More)
PURPOSE As the proportion of early gastric cancer (EGC) has recently been increased, minimally invasive treatment is currently accepted as main therapy for EGC. Accurate preoperative staging is very important in determining treatment options. To know the accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), we compared the depth of invasion of the tumor with(More)
PURPOSE Gastric cancer surgery is a common operation in East Asia, such as Korea and Japan, and there has been a significant increase in the need for this procedure due to the aging population. As a result, surgery for the treatment of gastric cancer for elderly patients is expected to increase. This study examined the effect of old age on gastric cancer(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and focal adhesion kinase-related nonkinase (FRNK) are likely involved in mechanical signaling during hypertension. We investigated expression, subcellular distribution, and phosphorylation of FAK, as well as FRNK in left ventricles of spontaneously hypertensive heart failure rats. Compared with normotensive controls, FAK and(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and FAK-related non-kinase (FRNK) accumulate in the nucleus of cardiac myocytes during hypertensive hypertrophy. Nuclear FAK and FRNK are phosphorylated on different serines and form distinct bright spots. The subnuclear distribution of serine-phosphorylated FAK and FRNK was examined in this study by double labeling with(More)
Beta-catenin is not only an adhering junction protein, but also the central player of the canonical Wnt signalling pathway. In order to investigate the roles of β-catenin in the mechanism of myocardial hypertrophy, we determined the expression and distribution of β-catenin in the cardiomyocytes of spontaneously hypertensive heart failure (SHHF) rats and(More)
Structural remodeling plays a major role in the progression of various heart diseases to congestive heart failure (CHF). Major contributors to this remodeling process in the heart include alterations in myocyte shape, myocyte number, and extracellular matrix. However, it is unclear as to which of these changes is most critical in the development of CHF, and(More)