Xian Yang Zhang

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Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) are potent insulinotropic peptides released from the small intestine. To examine their relative contribution to postprandial insulin release, a specific GIP antagonist (ANTGIP) and a GLP-1 antagonist, exendin-(9-39)-NH2, were infused into rats after an intragastric(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown chemopreventive effects of dietary flaxseed on azoxymethane-induced colon tumor development in male Fischer rats and Apc(Min) mice. Tumorigenesis is associated with uncontrolled cell growth and loss of apoptosis. Accordingly, the objective of this investigation was to study the effects of mammalian lignans(More)
The glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor (GIPR) is a member of class II G protein-coupled receptors. Recent studies have suggested that desensitization of the GIPR might contribute to impaired insulin secretion in type II diabetic patients, but the molecular mechanisms of GIPR signal termination are unknown. Using HEK L293 cells stably(More)
The glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide receptor (GIP-R) is a member of the G protein-coupled receptors. Recent studies have indicated that elevated serum GIP concentrations in type II diabetic patients might induce desensitization of the GIP-R, and this mechanism could contribute to impaired insulin secretion. The cellular and molecular mechanisms(More)
Here, we evaluate an alternative approach of preconditioning pancreatic islets before transplantation using a potent agonist of growth-hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) to promote islet viability and function, and we explore the adrenal gland as an alternative transplantation site for islet engraftment. The endocrine microenvironment of the adrenal(More)
The glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide receptor (GIP-R) is a member of G-protein-coupled, seven transmembrane-spanning receptors. Recent studies have shown that elevated serum GIP level in diabetic patients may induce chronic desensitization of the GIP-R, and that this mechanism could contribute to impaired insulin secretion. The cellular basis of(More)
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) is a peptide hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that regulates the synthesis and secretion of growth hormone (GH) in the pituitary. The extra-hypothalamic GHRH and its cognate receptors (GHRHR and splice variants) play a mitogenic role by stimulating cell proliferation and preventing apoptotic cell death. It is well(More)
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