Xian Jun Loh

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Proteins play a crucial role in the biomineralization of hard tissues such as eggshells. We report here the purification, characterization, and in vitro mineralization studies of a peptide, pelovaterin, extracted from eggshells of a soft-shelled turtle. It is a glycine-rich peptide with 42 amino acid residues and three disulfide bonds. When tested in vitro,(More)
Hydrogels are natural or synthetic polymer networks that have high water-absorbing capacity and closely mimic native extracellular matrices. As hydrogel-based cell delivery systems are being increasingly employed in regenerative medicine, several advances have been made in the hydrogel chemistry and modification for enhanced control of cell fate and(More)
The supramolecular crosslinking of polymer chains in water by specific, directional and dynamic non-covalent interactions has led to the development of novel supramolecular polymeric hydrogels. These aqueous polymeric networks constitute an interesting class of soft materials exhibiting attractive properties such as stimuli-responsiveness and self-healing(More)
This paper reports the study of the complete degradation process for a series of newly synthesized multi-block poly(ester urethane)s consisting of poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] (PHB) as hard and hydrophobic block and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as soft and hydrophilic segment. The initial stages of degradation of the poly(PHB/PEG urethane)s were monitored by(More)
Self-assembled hydrogels with extremely high water content (up to 99.5%) and highly tunable mechanical properties were prepared from renewable cellulose derivatives. These hydrogels are easily processed and the simplicity of their preparation, their availability from inexpensive renewable resources, and the tunability of their mechanical properties are(More)
New technologies rely on the development of new materials, and these may simply be the innovative combination of known components. The structural combination of a polymer hydrogel network with a nanoparticle (metals, non-metals, metal oxides, and polymeric moieties) holds the promise of providing superior functionality to the composite material with(More)
Hydrogels are three-dimensional networked materials that are similar to soft biological tissues and have highly variable mechanical properties, making them increasingly important in a variety of biomedical and industrial applications. Herein we report the preparation of extremely high water content hydrogels (up to 99.7% water by weight) driven by strong(More)
A 'living' controlled hydrogel formation method was first reported to create loose and compact in situ biodegradable hydrogels. The method executed under mild reaction conditions can conveniently tailor the hydrogel properties, and it has the potential to develop into a powerful tool for the design, synthesis, and self-assembly of novel tailor-made(More)
Temozolomide (TMZ) is the primary chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) yet it has a fast rate of degradation under physiological conditions to the 'active' MTIC, which has poor penetration of the blood-brain barrier and cellular absorption. Herein we have demonstrated binding of TMZ within the cavity of nano-container(More)
The supramolecular structures formed between cyclodextrins (CDs) and polymers have inspired interesting developments of novel supramolecular biomaterials. This review will update the recent progress in studies on supramolecular structures based on CDs and block copolymers, followed by the design and synthesis of CD-based supramolecular hydrogels and(More)