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The human Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (hSGLT1) has been shown to generate, in the absence of sugar, presteady-state currents in response to a change in potential, which could be fitted with single exponentials once the voltage had reached a new constant value. By the cut-open oocyte technique (voltage rising-speed approximately 1 mV/microsecond),(More)
Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) is essential for many enzymatic reactions, in which it serves to maintain prosthetic metal ions in their reduced forms (for example, Fe2+, Cu+), and for scavenging free radicals in order to protect tissues from oxidative damage. The facilitative sugar transporters of the GLUT type can transport the oxidized form of the vitamin,(More)
Polycystic kidney diseases are genetic disorders in which the renal parenchyma is progressively replaced by fluid-filled cysts. Two members of the polycystin family (polycystin-1 and -2) are mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and polycystin-L is deleted in mice with renal and retinal defects. Polycystins are membrane proteins(More)
Neighbor discovery is one of the first steps in configuring and managing a wireless network. Most existing studies on neighbor discovery assume a single-packet reception model where only a single packet can be received successfully at a receiver. In this paper, motivated by the increasing prevalence of multipacket reception (MPR) technologies such as CDMA(More)
The Na+-glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes was shown to generate a phlorizin-sensitive sodium leak in the absence of sugars. Using the current model for SGLT1, where the sodium leak was presumed to occur after two sodium ions are bound to the free carrier before glucose binding, a characteristic concentration constant (Kc) was(More)
Mutations in polycystins-1 and -2 (PC1 and PC2) cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), which is characterized by progressive development of epithelial renal cysts, ultimately leading to renal failure. The functions of these polycystins remain elusive. Here we show that PC2 is a Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel with properties distinct(More)
Knowledge of the biomechanical properties of soft tissue, such as liver, is important in modelling computer aided surgical procedures. Liver tissue does not bear mechanical loads, and, in numerical simulation research, is typically assumed to be isotropic. Nevertheless, a typical biological soft tissue is anisotropic. In vitro uniaxial tension and(More)