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BACKGROUND The rumen harbors a complex microbial ecosystem for efficient hydrolysis of plant polysaccharides which are the main constituent of the diet. Xylanase is crucial for hemicellulose hydrolysis and plays an important role in the plant cell wall degradation. Xylanases of ruminal strains were widely studied, but few studies have focused on their(More)
An esterase-encoding gene, estR5, was directly obtained from the genomic DNA of goat rumen contents. The 555-bp full-length gene encodes a 184-residue polypeptide (EstR5) without putative signal peptide. Deduced EstR5 shared the highest identity (50%) to a putative arylesterase from Ruminococcaceae bacterium D16. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that EstR5(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which systemic dexmedetomidine exerts analgesic effect and examine effect of dexmedetomidine on hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels currents. The experiments were performed on C57BL/6 J and HCN1 knockout mice. The analgesic effects of intraperitoneal dexmedetomidine(More)
The extremely high mortality of sepsis in intensive care units, caused primarily by sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy, is a pressing issue. Current studies have revealed the importance of the neuregulin-1 (NRG-1)/ErbB signaling axis at the cardiovascular level and the positive effect of NRG-1 on cardiac function in patients with heart failure. To investigate(More)
Inclusions containing Fused in Sarcoma (FUS) are found in familial and sporadic cases of the incurable progressive motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and in a common form of dementia, frontotemporal dementia. Most disease-associated mutations are located in the C-terminal proline-tyrosine nuclear localization sequence (PY-NLS) of FUS and(More)
A new xylanase gene, xynBM4, was cloned from Streptomyces megasporus DSM 41476 and expressed in Pichia pastoris. The full-length gene consists of 1,443 bp and encodes 480 amino acids including a putative 49-residue signal peptide. The deduced amino acid sequence of xynBM4 shows the highest identity of 66.3% to the xylanase Xys1L from Streptomyces halstedii(More)
Forkhead box-containing protein, class O 3 a (FOXO3a), an Akt downstream target, plays an important role in peripheral nervous system. FOXO3a shares the ability to be inhibited and translocated from the nucleus on phosphorylation by proteins such as Akt/PKB in the PI3K signaling pathway. To elucidate the expression and possible function of FOXO3a in lesion(More)
p53-Induced ring-H2 protein (Pirh2), a recently identified ubiquitin-protein ligase, interacts with p27(Kip1) to promote ubiquitination of p27(Kip1) independently of p53. High Pirh2 and low p27(Kip1) immunoreactivity are associated with a poor prognosis in several cancers, including resistant phenotypes. In the present study, we investigated the role of(More)
Polygalacturonase is one of the most important industrial pectinases. To enrich the genetic resources and develop new enzyme candidates, three polygalacturonase genes (Nfpg I-III) of glycosyl hydrolase family 28 were cloned from Neosartorya fischeri P1 and functionally expressed in Pichia pastoris. The purified recombinant proteins exhibited some(More)
Land use in east China tends to change from paddy rice to vegetables or other high-value cash crops, resulting in high input rates of organic manures and increased risk of contamination with both heavy metals (HMs) and antibiotics. This investigation was conducted to determine the accumulation, distribution and risks of HMs and tetracyclines (TCs) in(More)