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We propose an intelligent e-learning system featuring with affective agent tutor. The agent tutor "Alice" is not only fully aware of the affective state of the students through facial expression, speech and text, but also fully capable of adapting to these states wisely guided by a case-based method with facial expression generation and emotional speech(More)
Glut-1 deficiency syndrome (Glut-1 DS, OMIM #606777) is characterized by infantile seizures, developmental delay, acquired microcephaly and hypoglycorrhachia. It is caused by haploinsufficiency of the blood-brain barrier hexose carrier. Heterozygous mutations or hemizygosity of the GLUT-1 gene cause Glut-1 DS. We generated a heterozygous haploinsufficient(More)
To determine the site and mechanism of suppression by regulatory T (Treg) cells, we investigated their migration and function in an islet allograft model. Treg cells first migrated from blood to the inflamed allograft where they were essential for the suppression of alloimmunity. This process was dependent on the chemokine receptors CCR2, CCR4, and CCR5 and(More)
In this paper, we consider the problem of robust facial expression recognition and propose a novel scheme for facial expression recognition under facial occlusion. There are two main contributions in this work. Firstly, a novel method for facial occlusion detection based on robust principal component analysis (RPCA) and saliency detection performs(More)
Initial immune responses to allergens may occur before birth, thereby modulating the subsequent development of atopy. This paradigm remains controversial, however, due to the inability to identify antigen-specific T cells in cord blood. The advent of MHC tetramers has revolutionized the detection of antigen-specific T cells. Tetramer staining of cord blood(More)
We review the three genetically determined disorders of glucose transport across cell membranes. Diseases such as glucose-galactose malabsorption, Fanconi-Bickel syndrome and De Vivo disease (GLUT1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1DS)) arise from heritable mutations in transporter-encoding genes that impair monosaccharide uptake, which becomes rate-limiting in(More)
RATIONALE Vascular calcification is a hallmark of atherosclerosis, a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. We have previously reported that the osteogenic transcription factor Runx2 is an essential and sufficient regulator of calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in vitro. OBJECTIVE To determine the contribution of(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical and experimental studies demonstrate the important roles of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We have previously determined that the osteogenic transcription factor Runx2 is essential for VSMC calcification. The present study characterized Runx2-regulated signals and their potential roles in(More)
FTY720 is a sphingosine-derived immunosuppressant. Phosphorylated FTY720 promotes T cell homing from spleen and peripheral blood to LNs by acting as an agonist for sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptors. Here we demonstrate that FTY720 enhances the activity of the sphingosine transporter Abcb1 (Mdr1) and the leukotriene C(4) transporter Abcc1 (Mrp1). Both(More)