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Translation inhibition is a major but poorly understood mode of action of microRNAs (miRNAs) in plants and animals. In particular, the subcellular location where this process takes place is unknown. Here, we show that the translation inhibition, but not the mRNA cleavage activity, of Arabidopsis miRNAs requires ALTERED MERISTEM PROGRAM1 (AMP1). AMP1 encodes(More)
In diverse eukaryotes, constitutively silent sequences, such as transposons and repeats, are marked by methylation at histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me). Although selective H3K9me is critical for maintaining genome integrity, mechanisms to exclude H3K9me from active genes remain largely unexplored. Here, we show in Arabidopsis that the exclusion depends on a(More)
Technologies to achieve the specific and precise knockout of genes are critical for understanding gene functions and fundamental biological processes. Targeted genome editing as a new and efficient method to mutate genes has been rapidly used in many organisms. Compared with the earlier systems, such as zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) and transcription(More)
This paper 1 proposes a lossless data hiding technique for JPEG images based on histogram pairs. It embeds data into the JPEG quantized 8x8 block DCT coefficients and can achieve good performance in terms of PSNR versus payload through manipulating histogram pairs with optimum threshold and optimum region of the JPEG DCT coefficients. It can obtain higher(More)
Stem cells are crucial in morphogenesis in plants and animals. Much is known about the mechanisms that maintain stem cell fates or trigger their terminal differentiation. However, little is known about how developmental time impacts stem cell fates. Using Arabidopsis floral stem cells as a model, we show that stem cells can undergo precise temporal(More)
The reprogramming of epigenetic states in gametes and embryos is essential for correct development in plants and mammals. In plants, the germ line arises from somatic tissues of the flower, necessitating the erasure of chromatin modifications that have accumulated at specific loci during development or in response to external stimuli. If this process occurs(More)
Gelatinization temperature (GT) is an important parameter for evaluating the cooking and eating quality of rice besides amylose content (AC). The inheritance of the genes affecting GT has been widely studied and is considered to be controlled by a major gene. Here, we report the map-based cloning of rice ALK that encodes the soluble starch synthase II(More)
This paper 1 presents a new steganalysis scheme to attack JPEG steganography. The 360 dimensional feature vectors sensitive to data embedding process are derived from multidirectional Markov models in the JPEG coefficients domain. The class-wise non-principal components analysis (CNPCA) is proposed to classify steganograpghy in the high-dimensional feature(More)