Xi-rong Guo

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BACKGROUND Overweight/obesity in women of childbearing age is a serious public-health problem. In China, the incidence of maternal overweight/obesity has been increasing. However, there is not a meta-analysis to determine if pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is related to infant birth weight (BW) and offspring overweight/obesity. METHODS Three(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous work found that tumor suppressor menin potentiates spinal synaptic plasticity in the context of peripheral nerve injury-induced neuropathic hypersensitivity, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not clear. We hereby assessed the role of menin in regulating the spinal balance between glutamate and GABA and its contribution to(More)
Sevoflurane is a general anesthetic commonly used in the pediatric setting because it is sweet-smelling, nonflammable, fast acting and has a very short recovery time. Although recent clinical data suggest that early anesthesia exposure is associated with subsequent learning and memory problems, it is difficult to determine the exact scope of developmental(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs involved in the regulation of gene expression. MiR-1908 is a recently identified miRNA that is highly expressed in human adipocytes. However, it is not known what role of miR-1908 is involved in the regulation of human adipocytes. In this study, we demonstrate that the level of miR-1908 increases during the(More)
The current study aimed to investigate the possible role of Homer 1a in the etiology and pathogenesis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We divided 32 rats into four groups. The rats in the RNAi-MPH group were given the lentiviral vector containing Homer 1a-specific miRNA (Homer 1a-RNAi-LV) by intracerebroventricular injection, and 7 days(More)
TNF-alpha was the first proinflammatory cytokine identified linking obesity, insulin resistance and chronic inflammation. However, the mechanism of TNF-alpha in the etiology of insulin resistance is still far from clear. Because the mitochondria play an important role in energy metabolism, we investigated whether mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in(More)
The therapeutic promise of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has spurred efforts to circumvent genome alteration when reprogramming somatic cells to pluripotency. Approaches based on episomal DNA, Sendai virus, and messenger RNA (mRNA) can generate "footprint-free" iPSCs with efficiencies equaling or surpassing those attained with integrating viral(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight/obesity is a serious public health problem that affects a large part of the world population across all age and racial/ethnic groups. However, there has not been a meta-analysis of the prevalence of childhood and adolescent overweight/obesity in China during the past 30 years. METHODS The China National Knowledge Infrastructure and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Hsa-miR-26b is an intronic miRNA located in the intron of CTDSP1 (carboxy-terminal domain, RNA polymerase II, polypeptide A, small phosphatase 1). In the present study, the expression of hsa-miR-26b was examined during human preadipocyte(More)
Hyperglycemia and high free fatty acids (FFAs) are two well-known characteristics of type 2 diabetes, and are also implicated in the etiology of insulin resistance. However, their roles in mitochondrial dysfunction of white adipocytes are not well-studied. In this study, we investigated the effects of high glucose (25 mM), high free fatty acids (FFAs, 1mM),(More)