Xi Zoë Zhong

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P2X receptors are commonly known as plasma membrane cation channels involved in a wide variety of cell functions. The properties of these channels have been extensively studied on the plasma membrane. However, studies in amoeba suggest that P2X receptors are also present intracellularly and involved in vesicle fusion with the plasma membrane. Recently, it(More)
KCNQ gene expression was previously shown in various rodent blood vessels, where the products of KCNQ4 and KCNQ5, Kv7.4 and Kv7.5 potassium channel subunits, respectively, have an influence on vascular reactivity. The aim of this study was to determine if small cerebral resistance arteries of the rat express KCNQ genes and whether Kv7 channels participate(More)
Cerebral vascular smooth muscle contractility plays a crucial role in controlling arterial diameter and, thereby, blood flow regulation in the brain. A number of K(+) channels have been suggested to contribute to the regulation of diameter by controlling smooth muscle membrane potential (E(m)) and Ca(2+) influx. Previous studies indicate that stromatoxin(More)
Promoting lysosomal trafficking represents a promising therapeutic approach for lysosome storage diseases. Efficient Ca(2+) mobilization from lysosomes is important for lysosomal trafficking. Ca(2+) release from lysosomes could generate a negative potential in the lumen to disturb subsequent Ca(2+) release in the absence of counter ion flux. Here we report(More)
Our understanding of the molecular events contributing to myogenic control of diameter in cerebral resistance arteries in response to changes in intravascular pressure, a fundamental mechanism regulating blood flow to the brain, is incomplete. Myosin light chain kinase and phosphatase activities are known to be increased and decreased, respectively, to(More)
Lysosomes contain abundant ATP, which is released through lysosomal exocytosis following exposure to various stimuli. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying lysosomal ATP accumulation remain unknown. The vesicular nucleotide transporter, also known as solute carrier family 17 member 9 (SLC17A9), has been shown to function in ATP transport across(More)
Intra-endolysosomal Ca(2+) release is required for endolysosomal membrane fusion with intracellular organelles. However, the molecular mechanisms for intra-endolysosomal Ca(2+) release and the downstream Ca(2+) targets involved in the fusion remain elusive. Previously, we demonstrated that endolysosomal P2X4 forms channels activated by luminal adenosine(More)
Intracellular lysosomal membrane trafficking, including fusion and fission, is crucial for cellular homeostasis and normal cell function. Both fusion and fission of lysosomal membrane are accompanied by lysosomal Ca2+ release. We recently have demonstrated that the lysosomal Ca2+ release channel P2X4 regulates lysosome fusion through a calmodulin(More)
Efficient lysosomal Ca(2+) release plays an essential role in lysosomal trafficking. We have recently shown that lysosomal big conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (BK) channel forms a physical and functional coupling with the lysosomal Ca(2+) release channel Transient Receptor Potential Mucolipin-1 (TRPML1). BK and TRPML1 forms a positive feedback loop(More)
Lysosomes and lysosome-related organelles are emerging as intracellular Ca2+ stores and play important roles in a variety of membrane trafficking processes, including endocytosis, exocytosis, phagocytosis and autophagy. Impairment of lysosomal Ca2+ homeostasis and membrane trafficking has been implicated in many human diseases such as lysosomal storage(More)