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—We propose the cross-layer based opportunistic multi-channel medium access control (MAC) protocols, which integrate the spectrum sensing at physical (PHY) layer with the packet scheduling at MAC layer, for the wireless ad hoc networks. Specifically, the MAC protocols enable the secondary users to identify and utilize the leftover frequency spectrum in a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Reflux esophagitis is believed to be caused by the caustic effects of refluxed gastric acid on esophageal epithelial cells. However, caustic chemical injuries develop rapidly whereas esophagitis might not appear until weeks after the induction of reflux in animal models. We studied early histologic events in the development of reflux(More)
— We propose a physical-datalink cross-layer resource allocation scheme over wireless relay networks for quality-of-service (QoS) guarantees. By integrating information theory with the concept of effective capacity, our proposed scheme aims at maximizing the relay network throughput subject to a given delay QoS constraint. This delay constraint is(More)
We formulate three intuitive semantic properties for top-k queries in probabilistic databases, and propose Global-Topk query semantics which satisfies all of them. We provide a dynamic programming algorithm to evaluate top-k queries under Global-Topk in simple probabilistic relations. For general probabilistic relations, we show a polynomial reduction to(More)
To improve the utilization of the precious radio spectrum, we propose a channel-hopping based cognitive radio medium access control (MAC) protocol for synchronized wireless networks that can enable the secondary (unlicensed) users to opportunistically utilize the unused licensed-spectrum without interfering with the primary (licensed) users. In our proposed(More)
We study physical-layer security in wireless ad hoc networks and investigate two types of multi-antenna transmission schemes for providing secrecy enhancements. To establish secure transmission against malicious eavesdroppers, we consider the generation of artificial noise with either sectoring or beamforming. For both approaches, we provide a statistical(More)
—We propose the cross-layer based battery-aware time division multiple access (TDMA) medium access control (MAC) protocols for wireless body-area monitoring networks in wireless healthcare applications. By taking into account the joint effect of electrochemical properties of the battery, time-varying wireless fading channels, and packet queuing(More)
To clarify the brain mechanism for multifeature stimulus comparison, subjects matched the features of two serial visual stimuli in pairs. Stimulus pairs were of four categories: C-S-, color same, shape same (match); C-S+, color same, shape different (shape mismatch); C+S-, color different, shape same (color mismatch); C+S+, color different, shape different(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux is associated with adenocarcinoma in Barrett's esophagus, but the incidence of this tumor is rising, despite widespread use of acid-suppressing medications. This suggests that refluxed material other than acid might contribute to carcinogenesis. We looked for potentially carcinogenetic effects of two bile acids, deoxycholic acid(More)