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A series of new bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids was partially synthesized from tetrandrine and fangchinoline and evaluated for their ability to reverse P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. All the test compounds increased the intracellular accumulation rate of rhodamine 123 in MDR cells (Bel7402 and HCT8), and most exhibited… (More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of an n-BuOH extract of the lateral roots of Aconitum carmichaeli. led to the isolation of 5 cardioactive C(19)-diterpenoid alkaloids: N-deethylaconine (1), beiwutinine (2), hypaconine (3), mesaconine (4), and 15α-hydroxyneoline (5). N-Deethylaconine and beiwutinine are new aconitine-type C(19)-diterpenoid alkaloids. Hypaconine… (More)
A new aconitine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloid, longzhoushansine (1), along with fourteen known alkaloids, were isolated from the roots of Aconitum longzhoushanense. Their structures were established by spectral analysis and chemical methods.
Two chlorin derivatives, rhodochlorin dimethyl ester (7) and chlorin-e6 trimethyl ester (8), were prepared from methyl pheophobide a (6) through base-degradation of the E ring and methylation of the carboxylic acids. Full assignments of the 1H, 13C and 15N magnetic resonance spectra of compounds 7 and 8 were made by 2D NMR techniques (1H-1H COSY, 1H-13C… (More)
A new franchetine-type (leueandine 1) and two new lycoctonine-type [potanisines F (3) and G (5)] C19-diterpenoid alkaloids have been isolated from the roots of Aconitum hemsleyanum var. leueanthus and Delphinium potaninii, respectively, and their structures were established on the basis of spectral data.
Three new C20-diterpenoid alkaloids vilmorrianines E (1), F (2), and G (3) were isolated from the whole plants of Aconitum vilmorrianum, along with one artifact N-chloromethyl vilmorrianine E hydrochloride (4), as well as two known alkaloids hemsleyaconitines F (5) and G (6). The structures of 1-4 were established by HR-ESI-MS, 1D-, 2D-NMR (HMQC, HMBC, and… (More)
A new C(19)-diterpenoid alkaloid, ouvrardiantine (1) and two new C(20)-diterpenoid alkaloids, ouvrardiandines A (2) and B (3) were isolated from the root of Aconitum ouvrardianum HAND.-MAZZ. The structure of the new alkaloids was established on the basis of spectral data (1D- and 2D-NMR, HR-MS).
The relative reactivity of three hydroxyl groups in aconitine toward acetylation, chlorination, sulfonylation, and oxidation has been studied in this paper. The reduction of C-3 ketone and C-15 ketone derivatives of aconitine was also investigated. It was found that (1) the relative reactivity of three hydroxyl groups toward acetylation, chlorination, and… (More)
The O-acyl group at C-1 of two C₁₉-diterpenoid alkaloids 2 and 5 was transferred to the secondary amine nitrogen to form amides 3 and 6 in the basic condition. This kind of O-to-N intramolecular acyl migration could be caused by the near distance between the nucleophilic nitrogen atom and the carbonyl group of the ester at C-1 in the C₁₉-diterpenoid… (More)
Two new C19-diterpenoid alkaloids, kongboentine A (1) and kongboentine B (3), were isolated from the roots of Aconitum kongboense Lauener and their structures were elucidated by spectral data.