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Antibacterial peptide, CM4 (ABP-CM4), a 35 amino acid peptide from Chinese silkworm—Bombyx mori, displayed a strong antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma viride and Gibberella saubinetii. Scanning electron microcopy showed that the morphology of conidia became more irregular and swelled when treated with ABP-CM4 at its minimal(More)
The NAD+-dependent formate dehydrogenase FDH1 gene (fdh1), cloned from Candida boidinii, was expressed in the ldh-deleted mutant of Enterobacter aerogenes IAM1183 strain. The plasmid of pCom10 driven by the PalkB promoter was used to construct the fdh1 expression system and thus introduce a new dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) regeneration(More)
A novel thermostable alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) showing activity toward aromatic secondary alcohols was identified from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakarensis KOD1 (TkADH). The gene, tk0845, which encodes an aldo-keto reductase, was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme was found to be a monomer with a molecular mass of(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the axonal architecture of the optic nerve in patients with normal-pressure glaucoma and determine whether these parameters correlate with the disease severity. METHODS   Using magnetic resonance (MRI) imaging (1.5-Tesla unit) and diffusion tensor (DT) MRI, we measured the optic nerve diameter, optic chiasm height and lateral geniculate(More)
Cancer immunoediting consists of three distinct phases: elimination, equilibrium and escape. Here, for the first time, we investigated the immune microenvironment profiles of tumor immune equilibrium and immune escape states in 3'-methylcholanthrene-induced murine sarcoma model. Our study indicates the relative balance of monocytic MDSCs and antitumor(More)
Endoglucanase C5614-1 comprises a catalytic module (CM) and an X module (XM). The XM showed no significant homology with known carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs). Recombinant full-length endoglucanase could bind Avicel, whereas the CM could not. The XM could bind various polysaccharides. The results demonstrated that the XM was a new CBM.
Gold nanocubes demonstrate unique optical properties of the high photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield and a remarkably enhanced extinction band at 544 nm. The 4 x 10(-2) PL yield, which is about 200 times higher than that of gold nanorods, allows gold nanocubes to be successfully used in cell imaging of human liver cancer cells (QGY) and human embryo kidney(More)
Survivin, an inhibitor of apoptosis protein, is a potentially prognostic factor and therapeutic target in breast carcinoma, but no consensus exists based on heterogeneous data. The aim of this present study is to clarify the prognostic relevance of survivin in breast cancer patients. Relevant articles were screened in PubMed and EMBASE databases. Patients'(More)
Pancreatic cancer is an aggressive malignancy and unresponsive to conventional chemotherapies. Here, the anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects of embelin on pancreatic cancer were investigated. Embelin significantly attenuated cells invasion, proliferation and induced apoptosis through inhibition of STAT3 and activation of p53 signaling pathways. Embelin(More)
BACKGROUND Opiate use is common in HIV-infected and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected individuals, however, its contribution to the risk of diabetes mellitus is not well understood. METHODS Prospective study of 1713 HIV-infected and 652 HIV-uninfected participants from the Women's Interagency HIV Study between October 2000 and March 2006. Diabetes defined(More)