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The fruits of Prunus mume are a common commercial product and a valuable source of food and medicinal material in Eastern Asian countries. Our phytochemical investigation of the P. mume fruit led to the isolation of nine terpenes, including three ursane-type triterpenes (1-3), two cycloartane-type triterpenes (4 and 5), and four tocopherols (10-13), as well(More)
The present study investigated the antioxidant and anti-osteoporosis activities of phytochemicals in the fruits of Prunus mume. From the methanol extract, three new acylated sucroses, mumeoses P-R (1-3), were isolated together with 20 known compounds (4-23). Compounds 1-3 showed potent peroxyl radical-scavenging activities and 12-19 showed both potent(More)
This Letter describes the identification of potent antioxidant and anti-osteoporosis agents from the fruits of Prunus mume. From the methanol extract, a novel flavan dimer, characterized as 2β,3β-epoxy-5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavan-(4α→8)-epicatechin (1), was isolated along with five known flavonoids (2-6). Their structures were determined based on extensive(More)
Continuous efforts to identify sEH inhibitors using activity-guided fractionation have revealed 12 known compounds, 2-13, from Rheum undulatum. Compounds 2-13 and 1, which was obtained from the in-house library, were tested for inhibitory activity against sEH. Compounds 1-9, 11, and 12 were shown to have inhibitory activity, with IC50 values ranging from(More)
Artemisia iwayomogi Kitam., a member of the Asteraceae family, is a perennial herb widely distributed in Korea. The aerial parts of A. iwayomogi (called “Han In Jin”) have long been used in traditional Korean medicine to cure various infectious diseases such as carbuncle, sores, cholecystitis, and hepatitis, and to treat fever, inflammation, and jaundice(More)
The phytochemical investigation of the roots of Rhus trichocarpa led to this isolation of five new alkyl phloroglucinol derivatives, characterized as (Z)-15-hydroxy-1-(2,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)-9-octadecen-1-one (named trichocarpol A, 1), (Z)-15-hydroxy-1-(2,6-dihydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-9-octadecen-1-one (named trichocarpol B, 2),(More)
Hericium erinaceus is a culinary-medicinal mushroom used traditionally in Eastern Asia to improve memory. In this work, we investigated the neuroprotective and neuritogenic effects of the secondary metabolites isolated from the MeOH extract of cultured mycelium of H. erinaceus and the primary mechanisms involved. One new dihydropyridine compound (6) and one(More)
Secondary metabolites, particularly the grayanane diterpenoids produced by the members of genus Pieris, have been investigated in past decades for their remarkable antifeedant and insecticidal activities and toxicity. Grayanoids exhibit diverse biological properties such as antifeedant, insecticidal, cAMP regulatory, and sodium-channel-modulating(More)
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