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Microbial capsular antigens are effective vaccines but are chemically and immunologically diverse, resulting in a major barrier to their use against multiple pathogens. A β-(1→6)-linked poly-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (PNAG) surface capsule is synthesized by four proteins encoded in genetic loci designated intercellular adhesion in Staphylococcus aureus or(More)
Both Chikungunya and Dengue virus belong to the acute arthropod-borne viruses. Because of the lack of specific symptoms, it is difficult to distinguish the two infections based on clinical manifestations. To identify and quantitatively detect Chikungunya and Dengue viruses, a real-time accelerated reverse-transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification(More)
Flavivirus non-structural protein 4A (NS4A) induces membrane rearrangements to form viral replication complex and functions as interferon antagonist. However, other non-structural roles of NS4A protein in relation to virus life-cycle are poorly defined. This study elucidated if dengue virus (DENV) NS4A protein interacts with host proteins and contributes to(More)
Wind offers an important alternative to coal as a source of energy for generation of electricity in China with the potential for substantial savings in carbon dioxide emissions. Wind fields derived from assimilated meteorological data are used to assess the potential for wind-generated electricity in China subject to the existing government-approved bidding(More)
OBJECTIVE The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a widely used self-report measure of adult personality. METHOD We studied 586 Japanese university and college students with the 125-item version of the Japanese TCI. RESULTS The factor structure of the TCI scales was similar to that reported in other languages. Depression was positively(More)
One of the most pressing technological challenges in the development of next generation nanoscale devices is the rapid, parallel, precise and robust fabrication of nanostructures. Here, we demonstrate the possibility to parallelize thermochemical nanolithography (TCNL) by employing five nano-tips for the fabrication of conjugated polymer nanostructures and(More)
Coevolution of beneficial microorganisms with the mammalian intestine fundamentally shapes mammalian physiology. Here, we report that the intestinal microbe Bacteroides fragilis modifies the homeostasis of host invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells by supplementing the host's endogenous lipid antigen milieu with unique inhibitory sphingolipids. The(More)
Podocyte number is significantly reduced in diabetic patients and animal models, but the mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we found that high glucose induced apoptosis in control podocytes which express transient receptor potential canonical 6 (TRPC6) channels, but not in TRPC6 knockdown podocytes in which TRPC6 was knocked down by TRPC6(More)
CONTEXT Several genome-wide association studies identified a strong association of SLC30A8 with type 2 diabetes in individuals of European ancestry. The effect of the association of rs13266634 with type 2 diabetes or related glycemic traits has not been fully extended to non-European populations, and a comprehensive examination of common variants in the(More)