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AIM High incidence rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Guangxi, China, are primarily due to heavy aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) exposure via corn and groundnut consumption. This study was designed to examine the polymorphisms associated of three carcinogen-metabolizing genes (namely: GSTM1, GSTT1, and HYL1*2) and one DNA-repair gene (namely: XRCC1), and(More)
Genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may influence individual variation in DNA repair capacity, which may be associated with risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) related to the exposure of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). In this study, we have focused on the polymorphisms of xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XPD) codon 312 and 751 (namely Asp312Asn(More)
In this study, a single tri-axial accelerometer placed on the waist was used to record the acceleration data for human physical activity classification. The data collection involved 24 subjects performing daily real-life activities in a naturalistic environment without researchers’ intervention. For the purpose of assessing customers’ daily(More)
Single-molecule techniques facilitate analysis of mechanical transitions within nucleic acids and proteins. Here, we describe an integrated fluorescence and magnetic tweezers instrument that permits detection of nanometer-scale DNA structural rearrangements together with the application of a wide range of stretching forces to individual DNA molecules. We(More)
This paper presents an active topology for power decoupling in single-phase ac-dc converters, featuring the effective suppression of low-frequency power ripple which is an inherent problem in single-phase energy conversion systems. This topology is composed of an H-bridge circuit and a ripple power-decoupling circuit. The ripple power-decoupling circuit(More)
PURPOSE The relationship between aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) exposure and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been previously demonstrated and supported with strong epidemiological evidence. However, the role of genetic polymorphism of X-ray cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) codon 241 (namely: Thr241Met), which may be involved in the repair of DNA double-strand(More)
In this paper, we describe a novel strategy for combining fisher's linear discriminant (FLD) preprocessing with a feedforward neural network to classify cultured cells in bright field images. This technique was applied to various experimental scenarios utilizing different imaging environments, and the results were compared with those for the traditional(More)
Telomeres are specialized chromatin structures found at the end of chromosomes and are crucial to the maintenance of eukaryotic genome stability. Human telomere DNA is comprised of the repeating sequence (T2AG3)n, which is predominantly double-stranded but terminates with a 3' single-stranded tail. The guanine-rich tail can fold into secondary structures(More)
Respiratory effort has been widely used for objective analysis of human sleep during bedtime. Several features extracted from respiratory effort signal have succeeded in automated sleep stage classification throughout the night such as variability of respiratory frequency, spectral powers in different frequency bands, respiratory regularity and(More)
To achieve high throughput with robotic systems based on optical microscopy, it is necessary to replace the human observer with computer vision algorithms that can identify and localize individual cells as well as carry out additional studies on these cells in relation to biochemical parameters. The latter task is best accomplished with the use of(More)