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Platelet adhesion and aggregation at the sites of vascular injury are key events for thrombosis and haemostasis. It has been well demonstrated that interaction between glycoprotein (GP) Ibα and von Willebrand factor (VWF) initiates platelet adhesion and contributes to platelet aggregation, particularly at high shear. GPIb has long been suggested as a(More)
Short-term studies in subjects with diabetes receiving glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1)-targeted therapies have suggested a reduced number of cardiovascular events. The mechanisms underlying this unexpectedly rapid effect are not known. We cloned full-length GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) mRNA from a human megakaryocyte cell line (MEG-01), and found expression(More)
The CXC chemokines keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC, CXCL1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2, CXCL2) activate G-protein coupled receptor CXCR2 and are believed to have similar inflammatory effects in mice. Their specific signaling mechanisms remain elusive. A wide variety of cellular events, mediators and signaling pathways are known to(More)
Methylglyoxal (MG) is a reactive dicarbonyl metabolite formed during glucose, protein and fatty acid metabolism. In hyperglycaemic conditions, increased MG level has been linked to the development of diabetes and its vascular complications at the macrovascular and microvascular levels where inflammation plays a role. To study the mechanism of MG-induced(More)
The recruitment of circulating leukocytes from blood stream to the inflamed tissue is a crucial and complex process of inflammation(1,2). In the postcapillary venules of inflamed tissue, leukocytes initially tether and roll on the luminal surface of venular wall. Rolling leukocytes arrest on endothelium and undergo firm adhesion in response to chemokine or(More)
Accumulating evidence implicates the neuroendocrine immunomodulation (NIM) network in the physiopathological mechanism of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Notably, we previously revealed that the NIM network is dysregulated in the PrP-hAβPPswe/PS1ΔE9 (APP/PS1) transgenic mouse model of AD. After treatment with a novel Liuwei Dihuang formula (LW-AFC), mice were(More)
Platelets are central mediators of thrombosis and hemostasis. At the site of vascular injury, platelet accumulation (i.e. adhesion and aggregation) constitutes the first wave of hemostasis. Blood coagulation, initiated by the coagulation cascades, is the second wave of thrombin generation and enhance phosphatidylserine exposure, can markedly potentiate(More)
Integrins are a large family of heterodimeric transmembrane receptors differentially expressed on almost all metazoan cells. Integrin β subunits contain a highly conserved plexin-semaphorin-integrin (PSI) domain. The CXXC motif, the active site of the protein-disulfide-isomerase (PDI) family, is expressed twice in this domain of all integrins across(More)
With the rapid development of e-commerce, financial data mining has been one of the most important research topics in the data mining community. Support vector machines (SVMs) and ensemble learning are two popular techniques in the machine learning field. In this paper, support vector machines and ensemble learning are used to classify financial data(More)
A layout algorithm based on image processing is proposed for solar cell fragments, aimed at less waste and a maximization of utilization. Firstly, image preprocessing and edge recognition are conducted on raw image to extract the cell area. Then, layout algorithm is adopted to divide the cell fragments into small rectangles and optimize the arrangement(More)