Xavier Waintraub

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Estrogens are known to activate the phosphatidyl-inosityl 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway, which is central in the cardioprotection afforded by ischemic postconditioning. Therefore, our goal was to investigate whether a phytoestrogen, genistein, could induce a pharmacological postconditioning and to investigate potential mechanisms. We used low doses of(More)
AIMS The choice of resynchronization therapy between with (CRT-D) and without (CRT-P) a defibrillator remains a contentious issue. Cause-of-death analysis among CRT-P, compared with CRT-D, patients could help evaluate the extent to which CRT-P patients would have additionally benefited from a defibrillator in a daily clinical practice. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in LMNA are variably expressed and may cause cardiomyopathy, atrioventricular block (AVB), or atrial arrhythmias (AAs) and ventricular arrhythmias (VA). Detailed natural history studies of LMNA-associated arrhythmic and nonarrhythmic outcomes are limited, and the prognostic significance of the index cardiac phenotype remains uncertain.(More)
Postconditioning (PCD) is known to reduce infarct size (IS). Here, we investigated whether isoflurane, which is known to potentiate preconditioning, also potentiates PCD and whether NO is involved. Accordingly, open-chest rabbits underwent 30-minute coronary artery occlusion (CAO) followed by 3-hour coronary artery reperfusion (CAR). In control and(More)
AIMS In patients with advanced heart failure (HF) and prolonged QRS interval, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces symptoms and risk of death. The added benefit of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) remains questionable in some patients. METHODS AND RESULTS In 332 HF patients treated with CRT-D (CRT with ICD) [65 +/- 10 years, 86%(More)
AIMS Permanent pacemaker (PM) implantation is temporarily contraindicated in patients (pts) with sepsis. In patients with symptomatic atrioventricular (AV) block and infection, prolonged VVI pacing is therefore usually ensured by a ventricular pacing lead (PL) connected to an external PM generator. In patients with normal sinus function and heart failure,(More)
The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases rapidly with population age. Atrial fibrillation essentially presents a problem of long-term management. Strategies of rhythm or rate control should be considered on a case-by-case basis for each individual. Anticoagulation treatment is indicated in most cases. Radiofrequency ablation by pulmonary vein(More)
A residual slow pathway after successful cryoablation for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is correlated with a higher recurrence rate. We described determinants of recurrence in subjects with a residual jump. We analyzed the data of subjects with acute successful slow pathway cryoablation for AVNRT using a 6-mm-tip cryocatheter. Success(More)
In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of pharmacological postconditioning induced by 17 -estradiol and the phytoestrogen, genistein, against myocardial infarction induced by increasing durations of coronary artery occlusion (CAO). Anesthetized rabbits underwent either 20-min (protocol A) or 30-min (protocol B) CAO, followed by 4 h of coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Although implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy has been evaluated in randomized controlled trials, enrolling highly selected patients, mortality events in ICD patients have received little attention in routine medical care. We sought to assess the 24-month total and cause-specific mortality rates and their predictors in "real life"(More)