Xavier Torres

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BACKGROUND Rates of remission and relapse were studied over more than 2 years in a sample of Spanish outpatients with DSM-III-R criteria of unipolar major depressive episodes. METHODS Patients were treated following standardised pharmacological protocols at our centre. In the first visit, the structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R (SCID) was used.(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that peripheral C nociceptor function may be abnormal in fibromyalgia and that C nociceptor dysfunction may contribute to the symptoms reported by these patients. METHODS Microneurography was used to record C nociceptors of 30 female patients meeting criteria for fibromyalgia and compared with recordings from 17 female(More)
PURPOSE Spanish adaptation of the Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory (QOLIE-31). METHODS Internal consistency and construct validity of the Spanish translation of the QOLIE-31 were tested in 252 patients with epilepsy. Patients also were administered the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), and the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). Two weeks after the(More)
BACKGROUND Rates of relapse and predictive relapse factors were studied over more than 4 years in a sample of Spanish outpatients with DSM-III-R criteria for unipolar major depressive episode. METHODS A final sample of 139 outpatient was followed monthly in a naturalistic study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R was used. Phases of evolution(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives were to compare the personality of fibromyalgia (FM) patients with other chronic painful and nonpainful disorders considering the confusion due to psychopathology and to assess the clustering of FM patients according to their personality profile. METHODS Differences in the NEO Five-Factor Inventory between FM, non-FM chronic pain(More)
Personality disorders (PDs) are still classified through categorical taxonomies that are at odds with current research findings. Dimensional models provide a suitable alternative for measuring individual differences. However, as they have traditionally lacked a clear definition of the "disorder" construct, the clinical utility of these models has been(More)
OBJECTIVE The identification of effective continuation and maintenance strategies for elderly patients with psychotic depression is a critical issue that has not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to assess the tolerability and efficacy of continuation/maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in elderly patients with psychotic depression(More)
Given that the DSM taxonomy of personality disorders is flawed by severe classificatory problems, the development of alternative classificatory systems, such as the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ), has now become a priority. This study examined the internal consistency, second-order factor structure, and(More)
The aim of this study was to examine clinical characteristics in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures and to analyze the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) profiles and their relation to psychopathology. Thirty patients with nonepileptic seizures confirmed through video-electroencephalography were included. A structured clinical(More)
In vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) was used to study possible neurochemical abnormalities in drug-free, symptomatic panic disorder patients at rest. (1)H MRS was performed in 11 panic disorder patients and 11 healthy age- and sex-matched comparison subjects. Levels of brain metabolites were determined in the right medial temporal lobe(More)