Xavier Sarda

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SunTIP7 and SunTIP20 are closely related sunflower cDNAs showing a deduced amino acid sequence homologous to proteins of the tonoplast intrinsic protein (TIP) family. Their expression in Xenopus oocytes caused a marked increase in osmotic water permeability (demonstrating that they are water channels) which was sensitive to mercury. In leaves, in situ(More)
Sucrose starvation of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) cell culture was used to identify translationally regulated genes by DNA microarray analysis. Cells were starved by subculture without sucrose, and total and polysomal RNA was extracted between 6 and 48 h. Probes were derived from both RNA populations and used to screen oligonucleotide microarrays.(More)
Transcription factors of the homeodomain-leucine zipper IV (HD-ZIP IV) family play crucial roles in epidermis-related processes. To gain further insight into the molecular function of OUTER CELL LAYER1 (OCL1), 14 target genes up- or down-regulated in transgenic maize (Zea mays) plants overexpressing OCL1 were identified. The 14 genes all showed partial(More)
Selected channel-lining cysteine mutants from the M2 segment of rat alpha1 gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) type A receptor subunit, at positions 257, 261, 264, and 272 were co-expressed with beta1 and gamma2 subunits in Xenopus oocytes. They generated functional receptors displaying conductance and response to both GABA and picrotoxinin similar to the wild(More)
Plants use the family of phytochrome photoreceptors to sense their light environment in the red/far-red region of the spectrum. Phytochrome A (phyA) is the primary photoreceptor that regulates germination and early seedling development. This phytochrome mediates seedling de-etiolation for the developmental transition from heterotrophic to photoauxotrophic(More)
The maize endosperm transcriptome was investigated through cDNA libraries developed at three characteristic stages: (i) lag phase [10 days after pollination (DAP)]; (ii) beginning of storage (14 DAP); and (iii) maximum starch accumulation rate (21 DAP). Expressed sequence tags for 711, 757 and 384 relevant clones, respectively, were obtained and checked(More)
We isolated five sunflower (Helianthus annuus) cDNAs belonging to the TIP (tonoplast intrinsic protein) family. SunRb7 and SunγTIP (partial sequence) are homologous to tobacco TobRb7 and Arabidopsis γ-TIP, respectively. SunTIP7, 18 and 20 (SunTIPs) are closely related and homologous to Arabidopsis δ-TIP (SunTIP7 and 20 have already been presented in Sarda(More)
ZmOCL1 is the founding member of the ZmOCL (Outer Cell Layer) family encoding putative transcription factors of the HD-ZIP IV class. It is expressed in the L1 cell layer of the embryo and several other tissues of maize. After determination of the intron/exon structure a mutator insertion was isolated in the upstream region. No notable phenotypes and(More)
Having a well-known history of genome duplication, rice is a good model for studying structural and functional evolution of paleo duplications. Improved sequence alignment criteria were used to characterize 10 major chromosome-to-chromosome duplication relationships associated with 1440 paralogous pairs, covering 47.8% of the rice genome, with 12.6% of(More)
N-fertilizer use efficiencies are affected by their chemical composition and suffer from potential N-losses by volatilization. In a field lysimeter experiment, (15)N-labelled fertilizers were used to follow N uptake by Brassica napus L. and assess N-losses by volatilization. Use of urea with NBPT (urease inhibitor) showed the best efficiency with the lowest(More)