Xavier Roucou

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Prion protein (PrP) prevents Bcl-2-associated protein X (Bax)-mediated cell death, but the step at which PrP inhibits is not known. We first show that PrP is very specific for Bax and cannot prevent Bak (Bcl-2 antagonist killer 1)-, tBid-, staurosporine- or thapsigargin-mediated cell death. As Bax activation involves Bax conformational change, mitochondrial(More)
Recently, it was observed that reverse-translocated cytosolic PrP and PrP expressed in the cytosol induce rapid death in neurons (Ma, J., Wollmann, R., and Lindquist, S. (2002) Science 298, 1781-1785). In this study, we investigated whether accumulation of prion protein (PrP) in the cytosol is toxic to human neurons in primary culture. We show that in these(More)
A fully mature mRNA is usually associated to a reference open reading frame encoding a single protein. Yet, mature mRNAs contain unconventional alternative open reading frames (AltORFs) located in untranslated regions (UTRs) or overlapping the reference ORFs (RefORFs) in non-canonical +2 and +3 reading frames. Although recent ribosome profiling and(More)
The observation that PrP is present in the cytosol of some neurons and non-neuronal cells and that the N-terminal signal peptide is slightly inefficient has brought speculations concerning a possible function of the protein in the cytosol. Here, we show that cells expressing a cytosolic form of PrP termed cyPrP display a large juxtanuclear cytoplasmic RNA(More)
In response to various apoptotic stimuli, Bax, a pro-apoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, is oligomerized and permeabilizes the mitochondrial outer membrane to apoptogenic factors, including cytochrome c. Bax oligomerization can also be induced by incubating isolated mitochondria containing endogenous Bax with recombinant tBid (caspase-8-cleaved Bid) in(More)
Prion protein can display two conformations: a normal cellular conformation (PrP) and a pathological conformation associated with prion diseases (PrPSc). Three complementary strategies are used by researchers investigating how PrP is involved in the pathogenesis of prion diseases: elucidation of the normal function of PrP, determination of how PrPSc is(More)
Development of an increasingly detailed understanding of the eucaryotic mitochondrial ATP synthase requires a detailed knowledge of the stoichiometry, structure and function of F(0) sector subunits in the contexts of the proton channel and the stator stalk. Still to be resolved are the precise locations and roles of other supernumerary subunits present in(More)
Recent studies have revealed that accumulation of prion protein (PrP) in the cytoplasm results in the production of aggregates that are insoluble in non-ionic detergents and partially resistant to proteinase K. Transgenic mice expressing PrP in the cytoplasm develop severe ataxia with cerebellar degeneration and gliosis, suggesting that cytoplasmic PrP may(More)
Large and unselective permeabilities through the inner membrane of yeast mitochondria have been observed for more than 20 years, but the characterization of these permeabilities, leading to hypothesize the existence of a large-conductance unselective channel in yeast inner mitochondrial membrane, was done only recently by several groups. This channel has(More)
Bax is a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins. The Bax protein is dormant in the cytosol of normal cells and is activated upon induction of apoptosis. In apoptotic cells, Bax gets translocated to mitochondria, inserts into the outer membrane, oligomerizes and triggers the release of cytochrome c, possibly by channel formation. The BH3(More)