Xavier Ronot

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This paper deals with the spatio-temporal analysis of two-dimensional deformation and motion of cells from time series of digitized video images. A parametric motion approach based on an affine model has been proposed for the quantitative characterization of cellular movements in different experimental areas of cellular biology including spontaneous cell(More)
Mitochondria are most important organelles in the survival of eukaryotic aerobic cells because they are the primary producers of ATP, regulators of ion homeostasis or redox state, and producers of free radicals. The key role of mitochondria in the generation of primordial ATP for the survival and proliferation of eukaryotic cells has been proven by(More)
The permeability transition pore (PTP) is a mitochondrial inner membrane Ca(2+)-sensitive channel that plays a key role in different models of cell death. Because functional links between the PTP and the respiratory chain complex I have been reported, we have investigated the effects of rotenone on PTP regulation in U937 and KB cells. We show that rotenone(More)
Tyrosine kinase receptors (RTKs) play a crucial role in the regulation of the cell division cycle. Currently more than 50 RTKs divided into several subfamilies have been described. The inhibition of these enzymes has emerged as an important research-area. Compounds able to inhibit the activity of these enzymes are expected to display antiproliferative(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro wound healing assays are experimental models commonly used to analyze cell behavior during the migration process. A new approach is proposed for the quantification of cell motility based on an optical flow method. METHODS We assumed that cell-population dynamics can be defined by an a priori affine-motion model. Identified model(More)
Proliferation and multidrug resistance status are key predictors of therapeutic outcome in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Anthracyclines such as daunorubicin (DNR) are typically used to treat AML and can induce drug resistance. The goal of the studies described here was to select a combination of fluorescent probes that could be used in combination with(More)
Flow cytometry combines the advantages of microscopy and biochemical analysis in a single highly sensitive technique for a rapid examination of numerous individual living cells. It has become a potent and essential tool in the studies of the physiology of the whole cell and its organelles. Rhodamine 123 is a vital fluorescent dye used in flow cytometry. As(More)
Dietary flavonoids have been shown to exert specific cytotoxicity toward some cancer cells, but the precise molecular mechanisms are still not completely understood. In this study, cytotoxic effects of flavones (apigenin and luteolin) on two different cancer cell lines, including human chronic myelogenous erythroleukaemia (K562) and bladder carcinoma(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) represents 0.15% of the total cell DNA (at least an order of magnitude less than in liver or heart) of rabbit articular chondrocytes. Besides the already well-documented low respiratory activity, chondrocyte differentiation thus involves a specific control of mitochondrial biogenesis. When transferred to in vitro conditions,(More)
Estimation of the repartition of asynchronous cells in the cell cycle can be explained by two hypotheses: the cells are supposed to be distributed into three groups: cells with a 2c DNA content (G0/1 phase), cells with a 4c DNA content (G2 + M phase) and cells with a DNA content ranging from 2c to 4c (S phase); there is a linear relationship between the(More)