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BACKGROUND In vitro wound healing assays are experimental models commonly used to analyze cell behavior during the migration process. A new approach is proposed for the quantification of cell motility based on an optical flow method. METHODS We assumed that cell-population dynamics can be defined by an a priori affine-motion model. Identified model(More)
The permeability transition pore (PTP) is a mitochondrial inner membrane Ca(2+)-sensitive channel that plays a key role in different models of cell death. Because functional links between the PTP and the respiratory chain complex I have been reported, we have investigated the effects of rotenone on PTP regulation in U937 and KB cells. We show that rotenone(More)
This paper deals with the spatio-temporal analysis of two-dimensional deformation and motion of cells from time series of digitized video images. A parametric motion approach based on an affine model has been proposed for the quantitative characterization of cellular movements in different experimental areas of cellular biology including spontaneous cell(More)
Proliferation and multidrug resistance status are key predictors of therapeutic outcome in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Anthracyclines such as daunorubicin (DNR) are typically used to treat AML and can induce drug resistance. The goal of the studies described here was to select a combination of fluorescent probes that could be used in combination with(More)
Tyrosine kinase receptors (RTKs) play a crucial role in the regulation of the cell division cycle. Currently more than 50 RTKs divided into several subfamilies have been described. The inhibition of these enzymes has emerged as an important research-area. Compounds able to inhibit the activity of these enzymes are expected to display antiproliferative(More)
This study deals with the role of the mechanical properties of matrices in in vitro angiogenesis. The ability of rigid fibrinogen matrices with fibrin gels to promote capillarylike structures was compared. The role of the mechanical properties of the fibrin gels was assessed by varying concentration of the fibrin gels. When the concentration of fibrin gels(More)
Chalcones (1,3-diphenylpropen-1-ones) are naturally occurring compounds belonging to the flavonoid family and are largely investigated in various therapeutic area and especially as antitumor drugs. In the latter field, the literature survey indicates that effect on the cell cycle is one of the most important targets domains of chalcones. In this review, we(More)
Mitochondria are most important organelles in the survival of eukaryotic aerobic cells because they are the primary producers of ATP, regulators of ion homeostasis or redox state, and producers of free radicals. The key role of mitochondria in the generation of primordial ATP for the survival and proliferation of eukaryotic cells has been proven by(More)
ABCG2 plays a major role in anticancer-drug efflux and related tumor multidrug resistance. Potent and selective ABCG2 inhibitors with low cytotoxicity were investigated among a series of 44 chalcones and analogues (1,3-diarylpropenones), by evaluating their inhibitory effect on the transport of mitoxantrone, a known ABCG2 substrate. Six compounds producing(More)
Dietary flavonoids have been shown to exert specific cytotoxicity toward some cancer cells, but the precise molecular mechanisms are still not completely understood. In this study, cytotoxic effects of flavones (apigenin and luteolin) on two different cancer cell lines, including human chronic myelogenous erythroleukaemia (K562) and bladder carcinoma(More)