Xavier Pillois

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BACKGROUND Isolated atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with mild enlargement of the left atrium (LA) and left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. The impact of ablation of isolated AF on left chamber size and function is unclear, and whether diastolic dysfunction is the cause or the consequence of AF remains unknown. The objective of this(More)
mRNA of the P2u purinoceptor (or nucleotide receptor) is detected both by polymerase chain reaction or Northern blot analyses in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells. When added to the culture medium of these cells, UTP, a specific ligand of the P2u receptor, induces an increased expression of both immediate-early and delayed-early cell cycle-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to analyze the results of fibrinolytic treatment (FT) in a large single-center group of patients with prosthetic heart valve thrombosis (PHVT). BACKGROUND Fibrinolytic treatment of PHVT represents an alternative to surgery, but is still controversial because of the risk of embolism. METHODS A total of 110 consecutive(More)
Characterized by mucocutaneous bleeding arising from a lack of platelet aggregation to physiologic stimuli, Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) is the archetype-inherited disorder of platelets. Transmitted by autosomal recessive inheritance, platelets in GT have quantitative or qualitative deficiencies of the fibrinogen receptor, αIIbβ3, an integrin coded by the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity and reproducibility of three-dimensional echocardiographic (3DE) strain parameters in the assessment of global left ventricular (LV) systolic function. METHODS A total of 128 subjects with differing LV ejection fractions were investigated using two-dimensional echocardiographic (2DE) and 3DE(More)
Mutations in ITGA2B and ITGB3 cause Glanzmann thrombasthenia, an inherited bleeding disorder in which platelets fail to aggregate when stimulated. Whereas an absence of expression or qualitative defects of αIIbβ3 mainly affect platelets and megakaryocytes, αvβ3 has a widespread tissue distribution. Little is known of how amino acid substitutions of β3(More)
Introduction Lack of transmural lesion formation during radiofrequency (RF) ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) is an important determinant of arrhythmia recurrence. The aim of this proof-of-concept study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of a new and more powerful cryoablation system for ventricular ablation. Methods and results Five healthy(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess and validate 2-dimensional (2D) strain for the detection of ischemia during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). BACKGROUND Evaluation of abnormalities of left ventricular (LV) function from wall thickening during DSE is unsatisfactory and requires a high level of expertise. METHODS In 10 open-chest(More)
The nature of an inherited platelet disorder was investigated in three siblings affected by severe bleeding. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified the culprit mutation (cG742T) in the RAS guanyl-releasing protein-2 (RASGRP2) gene coding for calcium- and DAG-regulated guanine exchange factor-1 (CalDAG-GEFI). Platelets from individuals carrying the(More)
Many factors have been shown to be involved in the development of hyperplasic lesions of vessels, but the role of extracellular nucleotides remains largely unknown. The presence of P2Y and P2X nucleotide receptors on arterial endothelial and smooth muscle cells suggests a potential role for nucleotides in the vessel pathophysiology. Although the role of P2X(More)