Xavier Nicolas

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The development of sports activities promoted as a health factor should not hide the increased risk for diseases, more particularly infections. A review of articles made over the last 20 years was made with a descriptive epidemiological purpose. The most marked risk is skin infection with methicillin-resistant community acquired Staphylococcus aureus (27.4%(More)
A solution to a benchmark problem for a three-dimensional mixed convection flow in a horizontal rectangular channel heated from below and cooled from above (Poiseuille-Rayleigh-Bénard flow) is proposed. This flow is a steady thermoconvective longitudinal roll flow in a large aspect ratio channel at moderate Reynolds and Rayleigh numbers (Re=50, Ra=5000) and(More)
A major challenge for successful treatment of Plasmodium vivax malaria is prevention of recurrence due to activation of dormant intrahepatic parasitic forms called hypnozoits. As a result of strain variability, recurrences are unpredictable and can occur months or even years after initial infection. Prevention requires elimination of both erythrocytic and(More)
Numerous skin and mucosal manifestations were observed during the 2005-2006 chikungunya epidemic in Reunion Island. A prospective study was carried out in a consecutive series of 212 patients treated for chikungunya at the emergency unit of the Saint-Pierre Hospital in Reunion Island from March 8 to April 27, 2006. Diagnosis of chikungunya was suspected in(More)
Fulminant herpes simplex viral hepatitis is uncommon in immunocompetent subjects. A 24-year-old woman presenting hepatomegaly with fever was hospitalized after returning from a trip to southern Africa. The patient was neither pregnant nor immunocompromised. Because of recent tropical travel, differential diagnosis included alphabetic hepatotropic virus(More)
A 24-year-old man returning from a trip to Mali was hospitalized for acute encephalitis and fever in association with acute primary infection by Schistosomiasis mansoni. Bilharziasis was suspected from the epidemiological context and presence of eosinophilia. Diagnosis was confirmed by serological testing. Specific treatment using praziquantel and(More)
Staphylococcus simulans was identified as the aetiological agent of osteitis in a diabetic woman. Its identifying characteristics and antibiogram were confirmed. Diabetic foot frequently becomes infected and the spread of infection to bone is a major causal factor behind lower-limb amputation. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential in such(More)
PURPOSE An inaccurate medication history may prevent the discovery of a pre-admission iatrogenic event or lead to interrupted drug therapy during hospitalization. Medication reconciliation is a process that ensures the transfer of medication information at admission to the hospital. The aims of this prospective study were to evaluate the interest in(More)